Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp 231–243 | Cite as

Fundamental and applied aspects of the electrochemistry of chlorine

  • G. Bianchi


Data so far published on the thermodynamics of sodium amalgams and chloride solutions allow us to calculate the reversible potential for the electrolysis of brines at concentrations and temperatures corresponding to industrial processing. Data are also reported for the electrolysis of hydrochloric acid solutions. Kinetics of chlorine discharge and passivation phenomena on Pt, Pt-Ir and oxide-based electrodes are reviewed, in relation to the use of dimensionally stable electrodes, on titanium supports. The electronic conduction of RuO2 and other oxides is also discussed.


Oxide Sodium Chloride Titanium Physical Chemistry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    R. G. Milner and T. C. Jeffery,J. Electrochem. Soc.,117 (1970) 353 C.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Chimica E Industria,Chimica e Industria 52 (1970) 999.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Noyes,Chlorine and Caustic Soda Manufacture, Noyes Development Corp. London (1969).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    G. Faita, P. Longhi and T. Mussini,J. Electrochem. Soc.,114 (1967) 340.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    H. S. Harned and R. W. Ehlers,J. Am. Chem. Soc.,55 (1933) 2179.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    A. Cerquetti, P. Longhi and T. Mussini,J. Chem. Eng. Data,13 (1968) 458.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    M. Randall and L. E. Young,J. Am. Chem. Soc.,50 (1928) 989.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    G. J. Janz and A. R. Gordon,J. Am. Chem. Soc.,65 (1943) 218.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    R. P. Smith and D. S. Hirtle,J. Am. Chem. Soc.,61 (1939) 1123.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    T. Mussini and A. Pagella,Chimica e Industria,52 (1970) 1187.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    H. S. Harned and L. F. Nims,J. Am. Chem. Soc.,54 (1932) 423.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    G. Scatchard and S. S. Prentiss,J. Am. Chem. Soc.,55 (1933) 4855.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    R. W. Algood and A. R. Gordon,J. Chem. Phys.,10 (1942) 124.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    T. Mussini, A. Maina and A. Pagella,J. Chem. Thermodynamics,3 (1971) 281.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    H. Dietrick, E. Yeager and F. Hovorka, Techn. Report No. 3 ONR Contract 581 (00), Western Reserve University (1953).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    G. Bianchi, A. Barosi, G. Faita and T. Mussini,J. Electrochem. Soc.,112 (1965) 921.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    G. Bianchi,J. Electrochem. Soc.,112 (1965) 233.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    A. Cerquetti, P. Longhi, T. Mussini and G. Natta,J. Electroanal. Chem.,20 (1969) 411.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    G. Chariot, ‘Oxidation-Reduction Potentials’, Pergamon, London (1958) p. 9.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    M. S. Sherrill and E. F. Izard,J. Am. Chem. Soc.,53 (1931) 1667.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    G. Zimmermann and F. C. Strong,J. Am. Chem. Soc.,79 (1957) 2063.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    E. Müller,Z. Physik. Chem.,40 (1902) 158.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    A. Schmid,Helv. Chim. Acta,7 (1924) 370.Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    J. Forbes, S. W. Glass and R. M. Fuoss,J. Am. Chem. Soc.,47 (1925) 2892.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    M. Kameyama, H. Yamamoto and S. Oka,J. Soc. Chem. Ind. (Japan)29 (1926) 679.Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    E. Wilke and O. Kieninger,Z. Physik. Chem.,116 (1925) 215.Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    T. Mussini and A. Pagella,J. Chem. Eng. Data,16 (1971) 49.Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    V. de Nora and A. Nidola, Paper No. 270 presented at the Spring Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Los Angeles (15 May 1970).Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    O. de Nora,Chem. Eng. Tech.,42 (1970) 222.Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    C & EN, Nov. 9, 1970, p. 32.Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    F. T. Chang and H. Wick,Z. Phys. Chem.,172 (1935) 448.Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    G. Teodorase,Z. Phys. Chem.,33 (1959) 129.Google Scholar
  33. [33]
    S. Toshima and H. Okaniwa,Denki Kagaku,34 (1966) 641.Google Scholar
  34. [34]
    E. L. Littauer and L. L. Shreir,Electrochim. Acta,11 (1966) 527.Google Scholar
  35. [35]
    G. Bianchi,Atti Giornate Chimica, Milano (1963).Google Scholar
  36. [36]
    G. Faita, G. Fiori and J. W. Augustynski,J. Electrochem. Soc.,116 (1969) 928.Google Scholar
  37. [37]
    D. G. Peters and J. J. Lingane,J. Electroanal. Chem.,4 (1962) 193.Google Scholar
  38. [38]
    M. W. Breiter,Electrochim. Acta,5 (1961) 145, 169.Google Scholar
  39. [39]
    G. Faita, G. Fiori and A. Nidola,J. Electrochem. Soc.,117 (1970) 1333.Google Scholar
  40. [40]
    T. Yokoyama and M. Enyo,Electrochim. Acta,15 (1970) 1921.Google Scholar
  41. [41]
    G. Bianchi and T. Mussini,Ricerca Scientifica,34 (IIA) (1964) 37.Google Scholar
  42. [42]
    D. S. Tannhauser,J. Phys. Chem. Solids,23 (1962) 25.Google Scholar
  43. [43]
    W. F. Ryden, A. W. Lawson and C. C. Sartain,Physics Lett.,26A (1968) 209.Google Scholar
  44. [44]
    J. B. Goodenough,Proc Int. Conference on Materials, Schatz (Ed.) New York (1968).Google Scholar
  45. [45]
    G. Tantardini, Thesis, University of Milan (1968).Google Scholar
  46. [46]
    D. Galizzioli, Thesis, University of Milan (1969).Google Scholar
  47. [47]
    G. Buzzanca, Thesis, University of Milan (1970).Google Scholar
  48. [48]
    S. Trasatti and G. Buzzanca,J. Electroanal. Chem.,29 (1971) App. 1–5.Google Scholar
  49. [49]
    S. Pizzini, Paper No. 32 presented at the Fall Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Atlantic City, N.Y. (October 4–9, 1970).Google Scholar
  50. [50]
    G. Bianchi and S. Pizzini,Proc. 2nd Int. Conference on Materials Science, Tremezzo, Como (13–25 September 1970) in press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd. 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Bianchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Electrochemistry and MetallurgyUniversity of MilanMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations