Acta Neuropathologica

, Volume 78, Issue 5, pp 533–542 | Cite as

Adult pigment type (Peiffer) of sudanophilic leukodystrophy

Pathological and morphometrical studies on two autopsy cases of siblings
  • R. Okeda
  • T. Matsuo
  • Y. Kawahara
  • Y. Eishi
  • Y. Tamai
  • M. Tanaka
  • M. Kamaki
  • N. Tsubota
  • H. Yamadera
Regular Papers


Two autopsy cases of siblings with the adult pigment (Peiffer) type of sudanophilic leukodystrophy (SLD), which demonstrated the full-blown stage (case 1) and early stage (case 2) of demyelination, were examined. Numerous brown pigments deposited in demyelinated cerebral areas were characterized histochemically and ultrastructurally as lipofuscin and ceroid. Under the electron microscope formation of blebs due to myelin splitting associated with deposition of multilamellar myeloid bodies within them was a prominent feature in the demyelinated cerebral areas of case 2 as compared with case 1. However, various features of myelin degradation such as thinning, partial or complete circumferential myelin loss, and deposition of electron-dense material on the interperiodic lines were found in both cases. Blebs occurred in all layers of myelin, and axons were compressed by these blebs or the hydropically swollen inner lips of oligodendroglias. Oligodendroglias were relatively well preserved in the demyelinated and nondemyelinated areas in case 2, although the cytoplasm was hydropic. Many spheroids were present in demyelinated areas and were irregularly distributed in both cases. The peripheral nerves in case 1 presented essentially the same changes as those in the brain, although those in case 2 were not affected. Morphometrically, the results showed that hypomyelination was not the mechanism for this pigment type of SLD. One possible cause may be an accelerated ageing of the metabolic process of myelin turnover.

Key words

Sudanophilic leukodystrophy van Bogaert and Nyssen's disease 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH & Co. KG 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Okeda
    • 1
  • T. Matsuo
    • 1
  • Y. Kawahara
    • 2
  • Y. Eishi
    • 3
  • Y. Tamai
    • 4
  • M. Tanaka
    • 2
  • M. Kamaki
    • 2
  • N. Tsubota
    • 2
  • H. Yamadera
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Neuropathology, Medical Research InstituteTokyo Medical and Dental UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Tokyo Metropolitan Hiroo General HospitalTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of PathologyTokyo Medical and Dental UniversityTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Department of BiochemistryKitasato University School of MedicineSagamiharaJapan
  5. 5.Department of PsychiatryNational Musashi Research Institute for Mental and Nervous DiseaseMusashiJapan

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