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Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 71–74 | Cite as

Carboplatin and vinblastine in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: a phase II study

  • D. Doll
  • M. Goutsou
  • S. Graziano
  • J. Ellerton
  • J. Bitran
  • C. Modeas
  • J. Herndon
  • M. Perry
  • M. Green
Original Articles Carboplatin, Vinblastine, Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

Summary

Between July 2, 1987, and August 21, 1987, Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) conducted a phase II evaluation of carboplatin (CBDCA) and vinblastine (VBL) in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. Of the 58 patients who entered the study, 55 were eligible and produced follow-up data. Chemotherapy, which was carried out in 28-day cycles, consisted of 4 mg/m2 VBL given on days 1 and 3 and 125 mg/m2 CBDCA given on days 1–3. Partial responses were observed in 10 cases (18%), and 1 patient (2%) exhibited regression of evaluable disease. No complete responses were achieved. The overall objective response rate was 20%. The median survival was 6.1 months, and the median time to treatment failure was 3.3 months. Life-threatening (grade 4) toxicity was mainly leukopenia (20%), followed by anemia (7%), infection (4%), thrombocytopenia (2%), fever (2%), nausea and vomiting (2%), and weight loss (2%). There were two deaths due to infection. The results of this study demonstrate that the combination CBDCA/VBL is active in advanced NSCLC; however, whether this combination is more active than either CBDCA or VBL alone is unknown.

Keywords

Lung Cancer Leukemia Anemia Cancer Research Median Survival 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Doll
    • 9
  • M. Goutsou
    • 1
  • S. Graziano
    • 2
  • J. Ellerton
    • 3
  • J. Bitran
    • 4
  • C. Modeas
    • 5
  • J. Herndon
    • 6
  • M. Perry
    • 7
  • M. Green
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of BiostatisticsHarvard School of Public HealthBoston
  2. 2.Department of MedicineSUNY Health Science CenterSyracuse
  3. 3.Southern Nevada Cancer Research Foundation, CCOPLas Vegas
  4. 4.Department of MedicineUniversity of ChicagoChicago
  5. 5.Frontier Science Technology and Research FoundationAmhurst
  6. 6.Department of BiostatisticsDuke University Medical Center Durham
  7. 7.Department of MedicineUniversity of MissouriColumbia
  8. 8.Department of Medicine and Cancer CenterUniversity of California at San DiegoSan Diego
  9. 9.Department of MedicineUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA

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