Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology

, Volume 31, Issue 5, pp 401–406 | Cite as

In vitro assessment ofN-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]acridine-4-carboxamide, a DNA-intercalating antitumour drug with reduced sensitivity to multidrug resistance

  • Graeme J. Finlay
  • Elaine Marshall
  • John H. L. Matthews
  • Kenneth D. Paull
  • Bruce C. Baguley
Original Articles DACA, DNA, Multidrug Resistance


The successful treatment of cancer requires the identification of new drugs with novel actions.N-[2-(Dimethylamino)ethyl]acridine-4-carboxamide dihydrochloride (DACA) is a topoisomerase II-targeted antitumour drug with curative activity against murine Lewis lung carcinoma. DACA was assessed for novel patterns of growth inhibition using normal and multidrug-resistant human cell lines. Cells were cultured in 96-well microtitre trays and tested against DACA and related topoisomerase-directed drugs, including amsacrine, etoposide and doxorubicin, and drug concentrations for 50% growth inhibition (IC50 or GI50 values) were determined. In a series of Jurkat leukaemia lines characterised as exhibiting atypical multidrug resistance, DACA was to a large extent capable of overcoming multidrug resistance exhibited towards the other topoisomerase-directed agents. DACA was also tested against the National Cancer Institute 60-tumour-specific cell-line panel (GI50 values ranging from 420 to 5,400 nM; mean, 2,100 nM) and against a series of primary cultures of surgically excised melanomas (IC50 values ranging from 60 to 1,600 nM; mean, 590 nM). DELTA values (deviations of logarithmic IC50 or GI50 values from the mean) were calculated and compared by correlation analysis. The standard deviation of DELTA values was found to be lower for DACA than for the other topoisomerase II-directed drugs amsacrine, etoposide, doxorubicin and mitozantrone in both the cell lines and the primary cultures. These lower standard deviations appear to have resulted from the reduced susceptibility of DACA to both P-glycoprotein- and topoisomerase II-mediated multidrugresistance mechanisms occurring naturally in cell lines and primary cultures.


Doxorubicin Etoposide Primary Culture Multidrug Resistance Dimethylamino 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graeme J. Finlay
    • 1
  • Elaine Marshall
    • 1
  • John H. L. Matthews
    • 2
  • Kenneth D. Paull
    • 3
  • Bruce C. Baguley
    • 1
  1. 1.Cancer Research LaboratoryUniversity of Auckland School of MedicineAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Department of Clinical OncologyAuckland HospitalAucklandNew Zealand
  3. 3.Information Technology Branch, Developmental Therapeutics Program, DCTNational Cancer InstituteBethesdaUSA

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