Journal of inclusion phenomena

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 291–306 | Cite as

Intercalation of α,ω-alkyldiamines in layered α-zirconium phosphate and the inclusion behaviour of some of the intercalates obtained

  • Mario Casciola
  • Umberto Costantino
  • Luciana Di Croce
  • Fabio Marmottini


The paper reports a study on the intercalation mechanism of NH2(CH2) n NH2 (withn=2, 4, 6, 8, 10) diamines in layered Zr(HOPO3)2·H2O, performed by titrating the host with aqueous solutions of amines at 80°C. The intercalation reactions occur stepwise according to the ‘moving boundary’ model, with the formation of a number of intermediate intercalation compounds of formula Zr(HOPO3)2·xNH2(CH2) n NH2 (0<x<1) before obtaining the fully intercalated ones (x=1). For each diamine the batch titration curve and a diagram of the phases involved in the interaclation reaction are reported. Twenty-two intercalation compounds have been isolated and characterized by their composition, XRD patterns and thermal behaviour, and information on the disposition of the guests within the interlayer region have been derived. At full intercalation the diamines form a monolayer of extended molecules with their axis inclined at 58° to the plane of the sheet. The terminal amino groups are protonated by the —POH groups of the host, thus each diamine binds adjacent layers and, in a sense, transforms a layered structure into a framework structure that may have an accessible or potentially accessible porosity. The intercalation compound Zr(HOPO3)2·0.5NH2(CH2)8NH2 is indeed able to include polar molecules such as water and short chain alkanols.

Key words

Zirconium phosphate α,ω-alkyldiamines intercalation 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mario Casciola
    • 1
  • Umberto Costantino
    • 1
  • Luciana Di Croce
    • 1
  • Fabio Marmottini
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di ChimicaUniversità di PerugiaPerugiaItaly

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