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Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 227, Issue 1–2, pp 199–215 | Cite as

Protostar formation under two current carrying gas filaments collision

  • Bidzina Chargeishvili
  • Jun-Ichi Sakai
Article
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

A model of protostar formation under two current carrying gas filaments collision is presented. The model implies MHD approach involving self-gravity and radiative cooling effects. We suppose that through the current carrying gas filament collision a magnetic field reconnection takes place. Using an appropriate self-consistent presentation for time and special dependences of physical quantities in MHD equations, we derive the full set of equations that describes time evolution of the physical quantities just after an occurrence of magnetic field reconnection. Numerical simulations reveal that the process consists of three main phases of evolution. The first is an appearance of preceding peaks in time profiles of density and temperature following by the next phase of depression of both temperature and density and the final fast condensation phase with either cooling or heating of matter depending on initial parameters of problem. Effects of initial conditions like as magnetic field strength, current strength, initial gravity energy, cooling time and a geometry of collision are investigated. Main conclusion is that protostar formation takes place within the time interval less than one free fall time and it is preceded by the appearance of dense and hot matter with lifetime much less than free fall time. The final temperature of the protostar depends on the physical conditions and mainly on the ratio between free fall time and cooling time in the colliding current carrying gas filaments.

Key words

Filaments MHD Star Formation Simulations 

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References

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bidzina Chargeishvili
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jun-Ichi Sakai
    • 3
  1. 1.Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory of Georgian Academy of SciencesTbilisiGeorgian Republic
  2. 2.Laboratory for Plasma Astrophysics and Fusion Science, Department of Electronics and Information Faculty of EngineeringToyama UniversityToyamaJapan
  3. 3.Laboratory for Plasma Astrophysics and Fusion Science, Department of Electronics and Information Faculty of EngineeringToyama UniversityToyamaJapan

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