Oxidation of Metals

, Volume 38, Issue 1–2, pp 125–138 | Cite as

The effects of yttrium ion implantation on the oxidation of nickel-chromium alloys. I. The microstructures of yttrium implanted nickel-chromium alloys

  • J. M. Hampikian
  • D. I. Potter


Yttrium ions of 150 keV energy were implanted into the alloys Ni-20Cr, Ni-4Cr, and into nickel. The microstructures were then characterized using transmission electron microscopy, selected area channeling patterns and back-scattered electron images. Low yttrium fluences between 1×1014 and 5× 1015 Y+/cm2 did not alter the microstructures of Ni-20Cr. However, fluences of 1×1016, 5×1016, and 7.5×1016 caused the crystalline structures of the alloy to be replaced by an amorphous phase. Fluences of 7.5×1016 Y+/cm2 also rendered Ni-4Cr and nickel amorphous. Self-ion implantation experiments on Ni-20Cr did not cause the amorphous phase to form. The depth distribution of elements in Ni-20Cr following yttrium ion implantation (7.5× 1016 Y+/cm2) was determined by Auger electron spectroscopy. This showed in addition to the added yttrium a surface depletion in nickel concentration and a simultaneous enrichment in chromium concentration. At approximately 500 Å, the chromium concentration is approximately 32 at.%. This depletion/enrichment zone extends throughout the implanted layer. Annealing the Ni-20Cr implanted with 7.5×1016 Y+/cm2 in vacuum for one hour at 600°C resulted in the recrystallization of Ni-Cr solid solution and the formation of very fine grains of Y2O3. Annealing at 800°C for 5 minutes showed recrystallized Ni-Cr, Y2O3, and an additional phase or phases.


Yttrium Y2O3 Amorphous Phase Auger Electron Spectroscopy Electron Spectroscopy 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Hampikian
    • 1
  • D. I. Potter
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Materials EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlanta
  2. 2.Metallurgy Department and Institute of Materials ScienceUniversity of ConnecticutStorrs

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