Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 124–132 | Cite as

On the orthorhombic phase in ZrO2-based alloys

  • A. H. Heuer
  • V. Lanteri
  • S. C. Farmer
  • R. Chaim
  • R. R. Lee
  • B. W. Kibbel
  • R. M. Dickerson
Papers

Abstract

During TEM observation, a tetragonal (t) to orthorhombic (o) phase transformation often occurs in thin portions of ZrO2-containing foils. This transformation is stress-induced and in some senses artefactual, in that the reaction product is actually a high-pressure phase, relative to monoclinic (m) ZrO2, that can form from metastable t-ZrO2 in the TEM because its density is intermediate between t- and m-ZrO2. Examples of the formation of o-ZrO2 in a number of different systems are given.

Keywords

Polymer Phase Transformation Orthorhombic Phase Thin Portion Sense Artefactual 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J. D. McCullough andK. N. Trueblood,Acta Crystallogr. 12 (1959) 507.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. N. Komissarova, Yu. P. Simanov andZ. A. Vladimirova,Russ. J. Inorg. Chem. 5 (1960) 687.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. Teufer,Acta Crystallogr. 15 (1962) 1187.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. K. Smith andH. W. Newkirk,ibid. 18 (1965) 983.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. Katz,J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 54 (10) (1971) 531.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. Aldebert andJ. P. Traverse,ibid. 68 (1) (1985) 34.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. E. Hann, P. R. Svitch andJ. L. Pentecost,ibid. 68 (10) (1985) C285.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. G. Scott,J. Mater. Sci. 10 (1975) 1527.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. A. Miller, J. L. Smialek andR. G. Garlick, in “Advances in Ceramics”, Vol. 3, edited by A. H. Heuer and L. W. Hobbs (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1981) p. 241.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. Michel, L. Mazerolles andM. Perez yJorba,J. Mater. Sci. 18 (1983) 2618.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. Lanteri, T. E. Mitchell andA. H. Heuer, in “Advances in Ceramics”, Vol. 12, edited by N. Claussen, M. Ruhle and A. H. Heuer (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1984) p. 118.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. Chaim, M. Ruhle andA. H. Heuer,J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 68 (8) (1985) 427.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. H. Heuer, R. Chaim andV. Lanteri,Acta Metall. 3 (1987) 661.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. H. Heuer andL. W. Hobbs (eds), “Advances in Ceramics”, Vol. 3 (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1981).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    N. Claussen, M. Ruhle andA. H. Heuer (eds), “Advances in Ceramics”, Vol.12 (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1984).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Hasewaga,J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 2 (1983) 91.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    H. Hasewaga, T. Hioki andO. Kamigaito,ibid. 4 (1985) 1092.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    N. A. Bendeliani, S. V. Popova andL. P. Verschagin,Geokhimiya 6 (1967) 677.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    G. Bocquillon andC. Susse,Rev. Int. Hautes Temp. Refract. 6 (1969) 263.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. G. Liu,J. Phys. Chem. Solids 41 (1980) 331.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. Block, J. A. H. DaJornada andG. J. Piermarini,J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 68 (9) (1985) 497.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    R. Suyama, T. Ashida andS. Kume,ibid. 68 (12) (1985) C314.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Y. Kudoh, H. Takeda andH. Arashi,Phys. Chem. Miner. 13 (1986) 233.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    L. Lenz andA. H. Heuer,J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 65 (11) (1982) C192.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    L. H. Schoenlein andA. H. Heuer, in “Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics”, Vol. 6, edited by R. C. Bradt, A. G. Evans, D. P. H. Hasselman and F. F. Lange (Plenum, New York, 1983) pp. 309–323.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. H. Heuer andL. H. Schoenlein,J. Mater. Sci. 20 (1985) 3421.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    A. H. Heuer, L. H. Schoenlein andS. C. Farmer, “Science of Ceramics 12” (Ceramurgica, Faenza, Italy, 1983) pp. 257–266.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    L. H. Schoenlein, PhD thesis, Case Western Reserve University (1982).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    B. C. Muddle, in “Advanced Structural Ceramics”, edited by P. F. Becher, M. V. Swain and S. Somiya, Material Research Symposium Proceedings Vol.78 (1987) 3.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    T. A. Bielicki, H. Dahmen, G. Thomas andK. H. Westmacott, in Proceedings of “ZrO2 '86”, in “Advances in Ceramics”, Vol. 24, edited by S. Somiya, N. Yamamoto and H. Yanagida (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1988) in press.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Y. H. Chiao andI-Wei Chen, in “Grain Boundary Structure and Related Phenomena”, Proceedings of JIMIS No. 4,Trans. Jap. Inst. Metals 27 (Suppl.) (1986) 197–203.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    R. M. Dickerson, M. Swain andA. H. Heuer,J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 70 (4) (1987) 214.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    A. H. Heuer, R. Chaim, andV. Lanteri in Proceedings of “ZrO2 '86”, in “Advances in Ceramics”, Vol. 24, edited by S. Somiya, N. Yamamoto and H. Yanagida (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1988) in press.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    H. Bestgen, R. Chaim andA. H. Heuer,J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. in press.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    R.-R. Lee andA. H. Heuer,ibid. 71 (8) (1988) 694–700.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    D. B. Marshall, M. James andR. J. Paster,ibid. (in press).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    H. Arashi, in Proceedings of “ZrO2 '86”, in “Advances in Ceramics”, Vol. 24, edited by S. Somiya, N. Yamamoto and H. Yanagida (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1988) in press.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    V. Lanteri, T. E. Mitchell andA. H. Heuer,J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 69 (7) (1986) 564.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    N. Ishizawa, A. Saiki, J. Jogi, N. Mizutani andM. Kato,ibid. 69 (2) (1986) C18.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    M. Shibata-Yanagisawa, M. Kato, H. Seto, N. Ishizawa, N. Mizutani andM. Kato,ibid. 70 (7) (1987) 505.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    A. H. Heuer, V. Lanteri andR. Chaim,Ultramicrosc. 22 (1987) 27.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    J. M. Marder, T. E. Mitchell andA. H. Heuer,Acta. Metall. 31 (1983) 387.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    R.-R. Lee andA. H. Heuer,J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 70 (4) (1987) 208.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    B. W. Kibbel andA. H. Heuer, to be published.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    M. A. O'Keefe andP. R. Buseck,Trans. Amer. Crystallogr. Assoc. 15 (1) (1979) 27.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    M. Cohen, G. B. Olsen andP. C. Clapp, in Proceedings of International Conference on Martensitic Transformations, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1979, p. 1.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    G. Van Tendeloo andS. Amelinckx,Acta Crystallogr. A30 (1974) 431.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. H. Heuer
    • 1
  • V. Lanteri
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. C. Farmer
    • 1
    • 3
  • R. Chaim
    • 1
    • 4
  • R. R. Lee
    • 1
    • 5
  • B. W. Kibbel
    • 1
    • 6
  • R. M. Dickerson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  2. 2.IRSIDSt. Germain en LayeFrance
  3. 3.NASA Lewis Research CenterCleveland
  4. 4.TechnionHaifaIsrael
  5. 5.CPS, Inc.Cambridge
  6. 6.General Motors Research LaboratoryDetroit

Personalised recommendations