Pflügers Archiv

, Volume 388, Issue 3, pp 205–209 | Cite as

Characterization of acetate uptake by the colonic epithelial cells of the rat

  • Yoshinori Umesaki
  • Takaji Yajima
  • Kiyoshi Tohyama
  • Masahiko Mutai
Transport Processes, Metabolism and Endocrinology; Kidney, Gastrointestinal Tract, and Exocrine Glands


The characteristics of acetate uptake by colonic epithelial cells of the rat were studied. Clear saturation kinetics of acetate uptake were not observed in these experiments at either 0° C or 30° C. A decrease in the pH of the medium markedly increased the acetate uptake. The activation energy for acetete uptake derived from an Arrhenius plot was about 6.1 kcal/mole. Among the inhibitors tested, no effective inhibition of acetate uptake at 0° C was observer. Metabolic inhibitors severely inhibited transport at 30° C. Inhibition of acetate uptake by other short chain fatty acids, which was non-competitive, was observed. The finding that efflux from the cells was stimulated in the presence of compounds such as pyruvate and bicarbonate supported the notion of a close interrelationship between weak electrolyte transports in vivo. Although the H+ gradient across the cell membrane is suggested to be one of the factors determining the uptake rate, it seems difficult to explain all the results in this way.

Key words

Acetate uptake H+ gradient Exchange transport Rat colonic cells 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshinori Umesaki
    • 1
  • Takaji Yajima
    • 1
  • Kiyoshi Tohyama
    • 1
  • Masahiko Mutai
    • 1
  1. 1.Yakult Institute for Microbiological ResearchTokyoJapan

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