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Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 273, Issue 11, pp 999–1007 | Cite as

Surfactants with transfer agent properties (transurfs) in styrene emulsion polymerization

  • F. Vidal
  • J. Guillot
  • A. Guyot
Original Contribution

Abstract

Styrene emulsion polymerization has been carried out at 70°C using 2–2′ Azobis (2 methyl, N-(2 hydroxyethyl) propionamide as initiator and thiol-ended surfactants (I) HS-C11 H22- (OCH2 CH2) n OH withn from 17 to 90 units. The kinetics of monomer conversion, the evolution of particle size, particle size distribution, molecular weight, and molecular weight distribution have been studied. After washing the final latex, the incorporation yield of the surfactant moieties in the particles has been measured. Most of the experiments have been carried out in batch; complementary experiments used semi batch or seeded process. In some experiments the two functions of transfer agent and surfactants have been decoupled using either dodecylmercaptan (oil soluble) or thioglycolic acid (water soluble) as transfer agent and the bromine ended precursor of (I) as surfactant. The discussion of the results is chiefly oriented towards both the molecular weight distribution and the incorporation of the surfactant to the latex.

Key words

Surfactants polystyrene emulsion polymerization amphiphilic thiol transfer agents 

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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Vidal
    • 1
  • J. Guillot
    • 1
  • A. Guyot
    • 1
  1. 1.CNRS-LCPPVernaisonFrance 1

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