Journal of comparative physiology

, Volume 136, Issue 3, pp 247–256 | Cite as

Analysis of cricket stridulation using miniature angle detectors

  • Uwe T. Koch
Article

Summary

A miniature angle measuring system is described which uses 0.4 mg sense coils in a three-dimensional high-frequency magnetic field. Rotations of the sense-coil-winding axis can be recorded using three phase-sensitive rectifier/filters (lock-in-principle). Principles of operation and simplified evaluation methods are described in detail. The measuring system is applied to the analysis of wing movements in a stridulating cricket (Gryllus bimaculatus De Geer). The results show that in both the calling and the courtship song the tooth impact frequency is equal to the frequency of the acoustically produced sound. This excludes the possibility that the high frequency of courtship song is produced via excitation of a resonator by a higher harmonic component of the tooth impact frequency.

Keywords

Magnetic Field Evaluation Method Angle Measuring Harmonic Component Angle Detector 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Collewijn, H.: Eye and head movements in freely moving rabbits. J. Physiol.266, 471–498 (1977)Google Scholar
  2. Dieringer, N., Precht, W.: Analysis of head movements in the frog during optokinetic, vestibular and combined optokineticvestibular stimulation. In: Proceedings of European Neuroscience Ass. Conference, Rome 1979Google Scholar
  3. Dumortier, B.: The physical characteristics of sound emissions in Arthropoda. In: Acoustic behaviour of animals. Busnel, R.G. (ed.), pp. 346–373. Amsterdam, London, New York: Elsevier Publishing Company 1963Google Scholar
  4. Fuchs, A.F., Robinson, D.A.: A method for measuring horizontal and vertical eye movement chronically in the monkey. J. Appl. Physiol.21, 1068–1070 (1966)Google Scholar
  5. Hartmann, R., Klinke, R.: A method for measuring the angle of rotation (movements of body, head, eye in human objects and experimental animals). Pflügers Arch., Suppl.362, R52 (1976)Google Scholar
  6. Helversen, O. von, Elsner, N.: The stridulatory movements of acridid grasshoppers recorded with an opto-electronic device. J. Comp. Physiol.122, 53–64 (1977)Google Scholar
  7. Innenmoser, I.: Stabilität des motorischen Musters der Gesänge vonGryllus bimaculatus DeGeer vor und nach subletaler Applikation des Insektiziden Phosphorsäureesters Parathion. Inaugural Dissertation, Universität Köln (1974)Google Scholar
  8. Koch, U.T.: A miniature movement detector applied to recording of wing beat inLocusta. Fortschr. Zool.24, 327–332 (1977)Google Scholar
  9. Koch, U.T.: Analyse des Grillengesanges mit Miniatur-Bewegungsdetektoren. Verh. Dtsch. Zool. Ges.1978, 174 (1978)Google Scholar
  10. Nocke, H.: Biophysik der Schallerzeugung durch die Vorderflügel der Grillen. Z. Vergl. Physiol.74, 272–314 (1971)Google Scholar
  11. Pasquinelly, F., Busnel, M.C.: Etudes préliminaires sur les mécanismes de la production des sons par les orthopthères. In: Colloque sur l'acoustique des orthopthères. R.G. Busnel (ed.), p. 145. Fascicule hors série des Ann. des Epiphyties. Paris: Inst. Nat. Rech. Agronomique 1955Google Scholar
  12. Pierce, G.W.: The songs of insects, pp. 92–116. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press 1948Google Scholar
  13. Stärk, A.A.: Untersuchungen am Lautorgan einiger Grillen und Laubheuschrecken-Arten. Zugleich ein Beitrag zum RechtsLinks-Problem. Zool. Jb. Anat.77, 9–50 (1958)Google Scholar
  14. Tietze, U., Schenk, Ch.: Halbleiter-Schaltungstechnik, pp. 266–316. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1978Google Scholar
  15. Veit, I.: Technische Akustik, pp. 43–44. Würzburg: Vogel Verlag 1974Google Scholar
  16. Woike, M., Gewecke, M.: Kinematic and aerodynamic parameters in tethered flying Siskins (Carduelis spinus; Passeres, Aves). J. Comp. Physiol.127, 123–129 (1978)Google Scholar
  17. Zarnack, W.: Flugbiophysik der Wanderheuschrecke (Locusta migratoria L.) I. Die Bewegungen der Vorderflügel. J. Comp. Physiol.78, 356–395 (1972)Google Scholar
  18. Zarnack, W.: Locust flight control. On line measurements of phaseshifting in fore-wing movement. Naturwissenschaften65, 64 (1978a)Google Scholar
  19. Zarnack, W.: A transducer recording continuously 3-dimensional rotations of biological objects. J. Comp. Physiol.126, 161–168 (1978b)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Uwe T. Koch
    • 1
  1. 1.Abteilung HuberMax-Planck-Institut für VerhaltensphysiologieSeewiesenGermany

Personalised recommendations