Journal of inclusion phenomena

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 453–459 | Cite as

Coordination chemistry of alkali and alkaline earth cations: Synthesis and X-ray crystal structure of cesium (picrate) (benzo-15-crown-5) Cs+C6H2N3O 7 (C14H20O5)

  • K. Venkatasubramanian
  • K. Joshi
  • N. S. Poonia
  • W. R. Montfort
  • S. R. Ernst
  • M. L. Hackert


Crystals of the Cs+ Pic (B15C5) complex (Pic=picrate; B15C5=benzo-15-crown-5) (M r =629.3) are yellow prisms which belong to the triclinic space groupPī witha=7.377(4),b=11.372(2),c=14.806(2) Å, α=90.31(1), β=91.06(2), γ=108.32(2)0,Z=2,D x =1.77, andD m =1.77 g cm−3. FinalR=0.055 for 3575 observed reflections out of a total of 4004 measured reflections. Cesium forms a 1:1 anion paired complex with B15C5 like sodium rather than a charge separated sandwich structure as found for potassium and expected for cesium in view of the ion-cavity radius concept. The Cs cation is 9-coordinate involving the five crown oxygens (Cs...O, 3.00(1) to 3.24(1) Å), the phenoxide (Cs...O, 3.03(1) Å) and anortho nitro group oxygen (Cs...O, 3.01(1) Å) of the picrate counteranion and, uniquely, with two additional oxygens (Cs...O, 3.17(1) and 3.40(1) Å) from apara nitro group of the picrate belonging to the adjacent molecule in the lattice. The Cs+ ion lies 2.07 Å out of the mean plane formed by the crown oxygens. This system provides the first structural evidence that the interaction stoichiometry of an alkali cation with a cyclic multidentate ligand is not a function of the ion and cavity size alone but also of its Lewis acid strength as modified by the charge neutralizing anion.

Key words

cesium ion picrate ion benzo-15-crown-5 X-ray structural analysis 


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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Venkatasubramanian
    • 1
  • K. Joshi
    • 1
  • N. S. Poonia
    • 1
  • W. R. Montfort
    • 2
  • S. R. Ernst
    • 2
  • M. L. Hackert
    • 2
  1. 1.Chemistry DepartmentDevi Ahilya UniversityIndoreIndia
  2. 2.Chemistry Department and Clayton Foundation Biochemical InstituteUniversity of TexasAustinUSA

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