Interaction between two retinula cell types in the anterior eye of the droneflyEristalis
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In the anterior region ofEristalis eye there is a type of retinula cell with the following features. The spectral sensitivity is broad and the slope of the V/log10I curve increases with increasing wavelength when the response is measured to the initital peak of the receptor potential. With a change in stimulus wavelength from 452 nm to 594 nm, the optical axis moves about 1° and the plane of maximum sensitivity to polarized light changes by a definite angle. These effects can be attributed to an additional depolarizing effect on this retinula cell from a neighbouring cell of a different kind. The receptor potential waveform of the first cell type is also wavelength dependent. Measurements made to the plateau or notch following the peak reveal the same interaction but now it is an inhibition with latency 75–200 ms. A candidate cell which could cause the lateral interaction has a spectral sensitivity peak near 540 nm. If this is the correct source, the lateral interaction is in one direction because the slope of the V/log10I curve of the cell with 540 nm peak is independent of wavelength and it has negligible sensitivity in the range 350–450 nm.
KeywordsOptical Axis Neighbouring Cell Spectral Sensitivity Maximum Sensitivity Receptor Potential
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