Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 274, Issue 12, pp 1152–1160 | Cite as

Noble phase behavior of water/propanol/polyethyleneglycol mono alkyl ether/oil system

  • S. Yamaguchi
Original Contribution


We studied the phase behavior of three coexisting phases in water/propanol/octaethyleneglycol mono dodecyl ether/heptane system at 45°C. A cone-like three-phase body was found in a composition tetrahedron. In the body aqueous and surfactant phases coexist in the presence of the third coexisting phase, an oil phase, with their loci of composition drawing a closed-loop on addition of propanol. The oil phase remains in an oil-rich region without major change in its composition. The roles of propanol are discussed by using hydrophile-lipophile balance and locations of critical tie lines. Propanol mainly plays two roles; one is as a lipophilic cosurfactant and the other is as a water-soluble cosolvent. The compositions of the critical end points were also determined by a method to use the critical tie line as a clue. In other systems the same pattern phase behavior was observed.

Key words

Propanol cone-like three-phase body 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Winsor PA (1948) Trans Faraday Soc 44:376Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shinoda K, Saito H (1968) J Colloid Interface Sci 26:70Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kunieda H, Shinoda K (1980) J Colloid Interface Sci 75:601Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shinoda K, Kunieda H, Obi N, Friberg SE (1981) J Colloid Interface Sci 80:304Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ekwall P, Mandell L (1967) Acta Chem Scand 21:1612Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lang JC, Morgan RD (1980) J Chem Phys 73:5849Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mitchell DJ, Tiddy JT, Waring L, Bostock T, McDonald MP (1983) J Chem Soc Faraday Trans 1, 79: 975Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Harusawa F, Nakamura S, Mitsui T (1979) Colloid Polym Sci 252:613Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kunieda H, Shinoda K (1982) J Dispersion Sci, Technol 3:233Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bennett KE, Davis HT, Scriven LE (1982) J Phys Chem 86:3917Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kunieda H, Asaoka H, Shinoda K (1988) J Phys Chem 92:185Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Findenegg GH, Hirtz A, Rasch R, Sowa F (1989) J Phys Chem 93:4580Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shinoda K (1983) Prog Colloid Polym Sci 68:1Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Olsson U, Shinoda K, Lindman B (1986) J Phys Chem 90:4083Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lindman B, Shinoda K, Jonstromer M, Shinohara A (1988) J Phys Chem 92:4702Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shinoda K, Friberg S (1986) Emulsions & Solubilizations. Wiley-Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Griffin WG (1949) J Soc Cosmet Chem 1:311Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Scriven LE (1976) Nature 263:123 (1977) in Micellization, Solubilization, and Microemulsions; Mittal KL ed: Plenum: New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shinoda K, Kunieda H, Arai T, Saijo H (1984) J Phys Chem 88:5126Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kunieda H (1986) J Colloid Interface Sci 114:378Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Yamaguchi S, Kunieda H (1988) J Jpn Oil Chem Soc 37:648Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ray A (1971) Nature 231:313Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    McDonald C (1970) J Pharm, Pharmac 22:148Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Becher P (1965) J Colloid Sci 20:278Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Deguchi K, Mizuno T, Meguro K (1974) J Colloid Interface Sci 48:474Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Ward AFH (1940) Proc Roy Soc (London) A176:412Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Herzfeld SH, Corrin ML, Harkins WD (1950) J Phys Chem 54:271Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Miyagishi S (1975) Bull Chem Soc Jpn 48:2349Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Zana R, Yiv S, Strazielle C, Lianos P (1981) J Colloid Interface Sci 80:208Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Knickerbocker BM, Pesheck CV, Scriven LE, Davis HT (1979) J Phys Chem 83:1984Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Knickerbocker BM, Pesheck CV, Davis HT, Scriven LE (1982) J Phys Chem 86:393Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Bellocq AM, Bourbon D, Lemanceau B (1981) J Dispersion Sci Technol 2:27Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Zana R, Eljebari MJ (1993) J Phys Chem 97:11134Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Yoshida M, Kunieda H (1990) J Colloid Interface Sci 138:273Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kunieda H, Shinoda K (1985) J Colloid Interface Sci 107:107Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kunieda H, Shinoda K (1980) J Colloid Interface Sci 75:601Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kunieda H, Friberg SE (1981) Bull Chem Soc Jpn 54:1010Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Kunieda H (1983) J Jpn Oil Chem Soc 2:393Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Yamaguchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of InformaticsTeikyo Heisei UniversityChibaJapan

Personalised recommendations