Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 274, Issue 12, pp 1137–1144 | Cite as

The influence of an acid treatment on the surface charge density of silica gel

  • J. Sonnefeld
Original Contribution


The influence of an acid treatment on the pore structure as well as on the surface charge density of porous silica was investigated. It is shown that this treatment causes only small changes of the pore structure. Positive values of the surface charge density at pH>4 are interpreted in terms of surface impurities consisting of Na+ ions resulting from the synthesis of the gel from sodium silicate solution. This effect is strongly influenced by the acid treatment. The surface charge density parameters were evaluated on the basis of the triple-layer model for the electrical double layer. Here two different mechanisms of counterion attachment in the inner Helmholtz plane are discussed.

Key words

Surface charge density silica gel potentiometric titration triple-layer model 


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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Sonnefeld
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Physikalische ChemieFriedrich-Schiller-Universität JenaJenaFRG

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