Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 269, Issue 1, pp 11–27 | Cite as

Diffusion of single elements and steric limitations in kinetic theory of nucleation and crystallization

  • L. Jarecki
Polymer Science

Abstract

Translational and rotational diffusion equation of single elements in solution in the external orienting potential forces has been formulated. The equation should govern long-range diffusion effects in the kinetics of nucleation and crystal growth. Boundary conditions, adequate to the reversible reaction of cluster growth typical for kinetic model of nucleation and accounting for steric limitations, has been proposed. Uniaxial single elements in uniaxial orienting force field are considered.

Depression of the concentration of single elements at the cluster boundary as controlled by kinetic factors, is predicted i. e., chemical rate constants, finite translational and rotational diffusion, supercolling, and steric limitations. Effective rate constants, controlled by long-range diffusion of single elements at steric limitations present, have been used. Two dimensionless kinetic factors (i. e., reduced addition-reaction rate constant and reduced rotational diffusion constant), supercooling, and steric tolerance anlge range, control process kinetics and distribution of single elements in the cluster's surroundings. Rate reduction factor responsible for the effects of long-range diffusion at steric limitations present is defined and applied for kinetic models of nucleation and crystal growth in unoriented and oriented systems.

Computation examples are performed for a wide range of the model variables, and rate reduction effects of several orders of magnitude are predicted. The dominating role ranges of particular model variables, i. e., kinetic, thermodynamic, or steric variables, are discussed.

Key words

Diffusion nucleation crystallization kinetics ofreactions stericlimitations 

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Copyright information

© Steinkopff-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Jarecki
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Fundamental Technological ResearchPolish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland

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