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Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 115, Issue 1, pp 85–98 | Cite as

Star formation induced by supersonic turbulence in interstellar molecular cloud

  • Yutaka Sabano
  • Makoto Tosa
Article

Abstract

We studied fragmentation process of the interstellar molecular cloud which is predominated by supersonic turbulence with special regard to collisions of turbulent gas elements and formation of a shock-compressed layer by receding shock waves. The propagation of the shock waves and the evolution of the compressed layer are followed by one-dimensional gas dynamical simulation until self-gravity becomes significant, taking account of the effects of thermal properties of the molecular gas and magnetic fields. It is shown that the efficient cooling by CO molecules and its sensitive dependence on gas density make the shock-compressed layer so cold and dense that the layer becomes gravitationally unstable and breaks into fragments even if the gas elements are gravitationally stable prior to the collision. The mass of the unstable fragment is estimated to be about two solar masses or less, irrespective of the presence of the magnetic field. The stars formed by collisions of supersonic turbulent gas elements accelerate the surrounding gas in T Tauri stage and replenish the turbulent energy to maintain the mechanical equilibrium of the molecular cloud.

Keywords

Shock Wave Star Formation Fragmentation Process Turbulent Energy Molecular Cloud 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yutaka Sabano
    • 1
  • Makoto Tosa
    • 1
  1. 1.Astronomical InstituteTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

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