Journal of Solution Chemistry

, Volume 22, Issue 12, pp 1085–1097 | Cite as

A solute vapor pressure study of complexes between benzene and caffeine in aqueous solutions

  • Edwin E. Tucker
  • Sherril D. Christian
Article

Abstract

Highly precise vapor pressure-solubility measurements have been obtained for aqueous solutions of caffeine at temperatures in the range 15 to 45°C. Values of the fugacity of benzene at known total concentrations of benzene and caffeine have been calculated and used to derive equilibrium constants for the interaction of benzene molecules with monomers and aggregates of caffeine. Data are quite precisely represented by a mass action model in which benzene attaches to associated caffeine species with a binding constant that increases in direct proportion to the molecular weight of the caffeine aggregate. An equilibrium constant for the reaction benzene monomer+caffeine monomer-benzene·caffeine is reported at each temperature. The role of hydrophobic association effects in stabilizing the various complexes is considered.

Key words

vapor pressure benzene-caffeine complexes fugacity equilibrium constants 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edwin E. Tucker
    • 1
  • Sherril D. Christian
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Institute for Applied Surfactant ResearchThe University of OklahomaNorman

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