The intra-operative use of trasylol (aprotinin) in liver transplantation
Aprotinin has been reported to reduce blood loss in difficult cases requiring cardiopulmonary bypass surgery and more recently in liver transplantation. Over a 9-month period were compared the effects of an intra-operative infusion of aprotinin on transfusion requirements and coagulation profiles in 12 patients undergoing liver transplantation for end-stage cirrhosis with an equal number of consecutive transplants in patients with similar pathology who did not receive aprotinin. Transfusion of blood and blood products was reduced to one-third in the aprotinin-treated group. Operative time was also significantly reduced, as was ICU stay post-operatively. Aprotinin profoundly inhibits fibrinolysis and this is likely to be the major effect by which blood loss is reduced. Thromboelastography revealed severe fibrinolytic changes in the anhepatic stage in 4 of 6 controlled patients; this accelerated in 3 following reperfusion of the new graft. By contrast, only 1 patient of 12 in the aprotinin-treated group showed fibrinolytic activity in the anhepatic period, and none showed evidence of fibrinolysis following reperfusion of the new graft.
Key wordsLiver transplantation, trasylol Trasylol, liver transplantation Aprotinin, liver transplantation
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