Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 75, Issue 2, pp 341–351 | Cite as

Time-dependent chemistry in expanding circumstellar envelopes

  • P. V. Jameson
  • D. A. Williams


The rate equations of a restricted set of gas-phase chemical reactions occuring in an expanding circumstellar envelope are integrated numerically on the assumption that no chemical evolution has occurred in the stellar atmosphere. Abundances of all species are found to peak at a time on the order ofr0/u0, wherer0 is the initial radius andu0 the expansion velocity. After this time geometrical dilution dominates. For an initial density of 108 cm−3, on the order of 1% of hydrogen is converted to H2, and CH and CO have comparable densities of ∼10−6 relative to H, OH and O2 remain very low in abundance. For higher initial densities, H and H2 are more nearly comparable, and nearly all carbon is in CO, CH, OH and O2 remain low in abundance. The relevance of these results to M giants and other objects is discussed.


Hydrogen Atmosphere Rate Equation Initial Density Chemical Evolution 
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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Co 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. V. Jameson
    • 1
  • D. A. Williams
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Science and Technology, Mathematics DepartmentUniv. of ManchesterManchesterEngland

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