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Journal of Solution Chemistry

, Volume 22, Issue 9, pp 787–795 | Cite as

The relation between the nonlinear dielectric effect and solvent polarity

  • Maria Dutkiewicz
  • Edward Dutkiewicz
Article

Abstract

The relation between solvent polarity expressed through the Dimroth-Reichardt spectroscopic parameter E T (30) and the nonlinear dielectric effect (NDE) expressed through the parameter Δε/E2 is demonstrated where Δε is a change in the electric permittivity ε of a solvent in an external strong electric field E. Both E T (20) and Δε/E2, determined in quite different ways, are extremely sensitive to the dielectric properties of a solvent which depend on molecular interactions. Linear correlations between Δε/E2 and E T (30) have been found for n-alkanols representing hydrogenbond donor solvents, and for halogenobenzenes which are dipolar, aprotic, weakly-associated solvents.

Key words

Solvent polarity spectroscopic parameterET(30) nonlinear dielectric effect n-alkanols haologenobenzenes 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Dutkiewicz
    • 1
  • Edward Dutkiewicz
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of PhysicsA. Mickiewicz UniversityPoznańPoland
  2. 2.Department of Physical ChemistryA. Mickiewicz UniversityPoznańPoland

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