Journal of Solution Chemistry

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 171–185 | Cite as

Thermodynamics of saturated aqueous solutions including mixtures of NaCl, KCl, and CsCl

  • M. Conceição P. de Lima
  • Kenneth S. Pitzer


The activity coefficients for saturated aqueous KCl, CsCl and mixtures of NaCl with each of these electrolytes are calculated from solution properties using the ion interaction model as well as from the solubility. The agreement between the two sets of results for both single and mixed electrolytes is, in general, good when it is considered that the saturated solution molatities are often much higher than those whose properties were used in the evaluation of the ion interaction parameters. Also, for pure KCl (aq) the agreement is good up to 300°C, an extrapolation 50°C above the range of data on which the equations were based.

Key Words

Activity coefficient electrolyte solutions solubility potassium chloride cesium chloride sodium chloride 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    H. F. Holmes and R. E. Mesmer, submitted for publication.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. F. Holmes, C. F. Baes, and R. E. Mesmer,J. Chem. Thermodyn. 11, 1035 (1979).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. S. Pitzer,J. Phys. Chem. 77, 268 (1973).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    K. S. Pitzer inActivity Coefficients in Electrolyte Solutions, Vol. I, R. M. Pythowicz, ed., (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fl., 1979) Chap. 7.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. A. Rard and D. G. Miller,J. Chem. Engr. Data 27, 169 (1982).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Seidell,Solubilities of Inorganic and Metal-Organic Compounds, 4th edn., W. F. Linke, ed., (Am. Chem. Soc., Washington, DC, 1965).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. F. Silvester and K. S. Pitzer,J. Phys. Chem. 81, 1822 (1977).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. J. Bradley and K. S. Pitzer,J. Phys. Chem. 83, 1599 (1979).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. Cornec and H. Krombach,Ann. Chim. 18, 5 (1932).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. I. Achumow and B. B. Wassilijew,Zh. Obs. Khim. 2, 271 (1932).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. W. Leather and J. M. Mukerji,Mem. Dept. Agr. (India), Chem. Ser.,3, 177 (1913).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    W. C. Blasdale,Ind. Eng. Chem. 10, 344 (1918).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. E. Plyushchev, V. B. Tulinova, G. P. Kuznetsova, S. S. Korowin, and N S. Shipetina,Zh. Neorgan. Khim. 2, 2654 (1957).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. S. Z. Rogers and K. S. Pitzer,J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 11, 15 (1982).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. R. Wood,Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 40, 1211 (1976).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Conceição P. de Lima
    • 1
  • Kenneth S. Pitzer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and TechnologyUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and Lawrence Berkeley LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeley

Personalised recommendations