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Journal of Solution Chemistry

, Volume 10, Issue 8, pp 533–547 | Cite as

Solvation and hydrophobic hydration of different types of alkylamines inN,N-dimethylformamide and water mixtures

  • Aart C. Rouw
  • Gus Somsen
Article

Abstract

Enthalpies of solution of twelve amines of different type have been determined at 25°C in mixtures of N,N-dimethylformamide and water over the whole composition range. The enthalpies of transfer from water to the mixtures deviate substantially from a linear dependence on the mole fraction of water. These deviations appear to contain additive contributions of the different alkyl groups. By application of a simple hydration model the enthalpic effect of hydrophobic hydration has been calculated for each amine. For alkylamines this is determined by the number and size of the alkyl groups present in the molecule. The contribution of each alkyl group is the same in primary, secondary and tertiary amines. Results for the different alkyl groups show a close relationship with values for alcohols obtained previously. Differences between alcohols and amines can be attributed to differences in the hydrophobic hydration of the parts of the solute molecules which are adjacent to the polar group. The influence of the polar group does not seem to extend beyond the second carbon atom.

Key Words

Enthalpies of solution enthalpies of transfer alkylamines DMF-water mixtures DMF-NMF mixtures hydrophobic hydration 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aart C. Rouw
    • 1
  • Gus Somsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryFree UniversityAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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