Advertisement

Journal of Solution Chemistry

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 77–85 | Cite as

Diffusion in dilute aqueous acetic acid solutions at 25°C

  • D. G. Leaist
  • P. A. Lyons
Article

Abstract

A conductimetric technique has been used to measure diffusion coefficients for aqueous solutions of acetic acid at concentrations from 0.002 to 0.02 mol-dm−3 at 25°C. The acetic acid component diffuses more rapidly at lower concentrations where a higher proportion of the slower acid molecules are converted by dissociation to acetate ions and highly mobile hydrogen ions. The observed concentration dependence of the diffusion coefficient verifies the limiting law for weak electrolyte diffusion. A new type of conductimetric diffusion cell with several practical advantages over earlier designs is described together with an improved procedure for the conductimetric determination of accurate diffusion coefficients for weak electrolyte systems.

Key Words

Weak electrolyte diffusion coefficient aqueous acetic acid solutions 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    W. H. Stockmayer,J. Chem. Phys. 33, 1291 (1960).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. L. Holt and P. A. Lyons,J. Phys. Chem. 69, 2341 (1965).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. S. Harned and D. M. French,Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 46, 267 (1945).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. G. Leaist and P. A. Lyons,Aust. J. Chem. 33 1869 (1980).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. Shedlovsky,J. Am. Chem. Soc. 54, 1411 (1932).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. A. Harpst, E. Holt, and P. A. Lyons,J. Phys. Chem. 69, 2333 (1965).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. S. Harned and R. W. Ehlers,J. Am. Chem. Soc. 54, 1350 (1932).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. S. Harned and B. B. Owen,Chem. Rev. 25, 31 (1939).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. A. Guggenheim and J. C. Turgeon,Trans. Faraday Soc. 51, 747 (1955).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. A. MacInnes and T. Shedlovsky,J. Am. Chem. Soc. 54, 1429 (1932).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. Vitagliano and P. A. Lyons,J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78, 4538 (1956).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. S. Harned and R. M. Hudson,J. Am. Chem. Soc. 73, 3781, 5880 (1951).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. A. Robinson and R. H. Stokes,Electrolyte Solutions, 2nd ed., (Academic Press, New York, 1959), Chap. 11.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    D. G. Leaist,Can. J. Chem. 61, 1494 (1983).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. Onsager and R. M. Fuoss,J. Phys. Chem. 26, 2689 (1932).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ref. 13, Appendix 6.1.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. G. Leaist,J. Chem. Soc. Trans. Faraday Soc. I 78, 3069 (1982).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. G. Leaist
    • 1
  • P. A. Lyons
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryYale UniversityNew Haven

Personalised recommendations