Journal of Solution Chemistry

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 393–417 | Cite as

Dielectric properties of propylene carbonate and propylene carbonate solutions

  • J. Barthel
  • F. Feuerlein
Article

Abstract

Permittivity data at frequencies from 0.9 to 12 GHz for propylene carbonate and for the solutions of NaI, NaClO4, Bu4NI, Bu4NClO4, ZnBr2, and Ca(ClO4)2 in propylene carbonate at 25°C are reported and discussed. The contaminating influence of water on the dielectric spectra is shown. Measurements were executed by the method of travelling waves with equipment known to produce data of high precision. Evaluation of the data is performed on the basis of models presupposing one or more relaxation regions. The dielectric spectra of all salts with the exception of ZnBr2 yield relaxation time distributions with a single critical relaxation time or can be analyzed by assuming two critical relaxation times for the solvent. ZnBr2 solutions show a supplementary relaxation region at low frequencies which is attributed to the solute. The variation of permittivities at zero frequency with the salt concentration is discussed in the framework of kinetic depolarization. Solvation numbers are estimated.

Key words

Propylene carbonate electrolyte solutions in propylene carbonate high frequency and static permittivities dielectric relaxation times 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Barthel
    • 1
  • F. Feuerlein
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie der Universität RegensburgRegensburgPederal Republic of Germany

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