Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 125, Issue 1, pp 189–199 | Cite as

Evolution of the Universe through the Planck epoch

  • C. Sivaram


The problem of the Universe emerging out of the Planck epoch is discussed. It is pointed out that an earlier exponential expansion phase well before the onset of the GUTs phase transition is essential. Such an expansion can occur owing to the breaking of scale invariance at Planck energies in a unified theory of gravity with other interactions.


Phase Transition Unify Theory Scale Invariance Expansion Phase Exponential Expansion 
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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Sivaram
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Institute of AstrophysicsBangaloreIndia

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