Comparison between a 30-s all-out test and a time-work test on a cycle ergometer

  • H. Vandewalle
  • B. Kapitaniak
  • S. Grün
  • S. Raveneau
  • H. Monod


The relationship between the amount of work (Wlim) performed at the end of constantpower exhausting exercise and exhaustion time (tlim) has been studied for supramaximal exercise [105%, 120%, 135% and 150% of the individual maximal aerobic power, (MAP)] performed on a Monark cycle ergometer in nine men. TheWlim -tlim realtionship was described by a linear relationship (Wlim =a+b·tlim). Intercepta was roughly equivalent to the work produced during a 1-min exercise performed at MAP. Slopeb was equal to 79% of MAP. Intercepta has been correlated with the total amount of work (AW) performed during a 30-s all-out test supposed to assess anaerobic capacity. Intercepta was significantly (p<0.05) correlated with AW. The anaerobic capacity was not depleted at the end of the all-out test, as the mechanical power at the 30th s of this test was approximately equal to twice MAP. However, AW was significantly higher than intercepta. It was likely that the value of intercepta was an underestimation of the maximal anaerobic capacity because of the inertia of the aerobic metabolism. Indeed, an exponential model of theWlim-tlim relationship, which takes the inertia of the aerobic metabolism into account, shows that a linear approximation of theWlim-tlim relationship yields a systematic underestimation of the anaerobic capacity. Consequently, intercepta of theWlim-tlim relationship is not a more accurate estimation of the anaerobic capacity than the AW performed during a 30-s allout test. The inertia of the aerobic metabolism could also explain: (i) that slopeb of theWlim-tlim relationship was lower than MAP, and (ii) that a significant correlation between the anaerobic threshold and slopeb of theWlim-tlim relationship has been found previously.

Key words

Anaerobic exercise Ergometry Muscular exercise 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ayalon A, Inbar O, Bar-Or O (1974) Relationship among measurement of explosive strength and anaerobic power. In: Nelson C, Morehouse CA (eds) International sport sciences, vol 1. Biomechanics IV. University Press, Baltimore, pp 572–575Google Scholar
  2. Bulbulian R, Wilkox AR, Darabos BL (1986) Anaerobic contribution to distance running performance of trained crosscountry athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc 18:107–113Google Scholar
  3. Dotan R, Bar-Or O (1983) Load optimisation for the Wingate anaerobic test. Eur J Appl Physiol 51:409–417Google Scholar
  4. Ettema JH (1966) Limits of human performance and energy production. Int Z Angew Physiol Einschl Arbeitsphysiol 22:45–54Google Scholar
  5. Evans JA, Quinney HA (1981) Determination of resistance settings for an anaerobic power testing. Can J Appl Sports Sci 6:53–56Google Scholar
  6. Gleser MA, Vogel JA (1973a) Endurance capacity for prolonged exercise on the bicycle ergometer. J Appl Physiol 34:438–442Google Scholar
  7. Gleser MA, Vogel JA (1973b) Effects of acute alterations of\(\dot V_{{\text{O}}_{{\text{2max}}} } \) on endurance capacity of men. J Appl Physiol 34:443–447Google Scholar
  8. Grosse-Lordemann H, Muller EA (1937) Der Einfluß der Leistung und der Arbeitsgeschwindigkeit auf das Arbeitsmaximum und den Wirkungsgrad beim Radfahren. Arbeitsphysiologie 9:454–475Google Scholar
  9. Henry FM (1951) Aerobic oxygen consumption and alactic debt in muscular work. J Appl Physiol 3:427–438Google Scholar
  10. Hermansen L (1969) Anaerobic energy release. Med Sports Sci 1:32–38Google Scholar
  11. Hermansen L (1971) Lactate production during exercise. Muscle metabolism during exercise. Adv Exp Med Biol 11:401–407Google Scholar
  12. Hermansen L, Medbo JI (1984) The relative significance of aerobic and anaerobic processes during maximal exercise of short duration. Med Sport 17:56–67Google Scholar
  13. Karlsson J (1971) Lactate and phosphagen concentrations in working muscle of man. Acta Physiol Scand [Suppl] 358:1–72Google Scholar
  14. Karlsson J, Saltin B (1970) Lactate, ATP and CP in working muscles during exhaustive exercise in man. J Appl Physiol 29:598–602Google Scholar
  15. Katch VL (1973) Kinetics of oxygen uptake and recovery for supra-maximal work of short duration. Int Z Angew Physiol 31:197–207Google Scholar
  16. Katch VL, Weltman A (1979) Interrelationship between anaerobic power output, anaerobic capacity and aerobic power. Ergonomics 22:325–332Google Scholar
  17. Margaria R, Edwards HT, Dill DB (1933) The possible mechanism of contracting and paying the oxygen debt and the role of lactic acid in muscular contraction. Am J Physiol 106:689–715Google Scholar
  18. Margaria R, Cerretelli P, Di Prampero PE, Massari C, Torelli G (1963) Kinetics and mechanism of oxygen debt contraction in man. J Appl Physiol 18:371–377Google Scholar
  19. Margaria R, Cerretelli P, Mangili F (1964) Balance and kinetics of anaerobic energy release during strenuous exercise in man. J Appl Physiol 19:623–628Google Scholar
  20. Margaria R, Mangili F, Cuttica F, Cerretelli P (1965) The kinetics of the oxygen consumption at the onset of muscular exercise in man. Ergonomics 8:49–54Google Scholar
  21. Medbo JI, Mohn AC, Tabata I, Bahr R, Vaage O, Sejersted OM (1988) Anaerobic capacity determined by maximal accumulated O2 deficit. J Appl Physiol 64:50–60Google Scholar
  22. Monod H, Scherrer J (1965) The work capacity of a synergic muscular group. Ergonomics 8:329–338Google Scholar
  23. Moritani T, Nagata A, Devries HA, Muro M (1981) Critical power as a measure of physical work capacity and anaerobic threshold. Ergonomics 24:339–350Google Scholar
  24. Patton JF, Murphy MM, Frederick FA (1985) Maximum power outputs during the Wingate anaerobic test. Int J Sports Med 6:82–85Google Scholar
  25. Scherrer J, Monod H (1960) Le travail musculaire local et la fatigue chez l'homme. J Physiol (Paris) 52:419–501Google Scholar
  26. Scherrer J, Samson M, Paléologue A (1954) Etude du travail musculaire et de la fatigue. Données ergométriques obtenues chez l'homme. J Physiol (Paris) 46:887–916Google Scholar
  27. Tornvall G (1963) Assessment of physical capabilities. Acta Physiol Scand [Suppl] 201:1–102Google Scholar
  28. Vandewalle H, Pérès G, Heller J, Monod H (1985) All-out anaerobic capacity tests on cycle ergometers. Eur J Appl Physiol 54:222–229Google Scholar
  29. Wilkie DR (1981) Shortage of chemical fuel as a cause of fatigue: studies by nuclear magnetic resonance and bicycle ergometry. In: Porter R, Whelan J (eds) Human muscle fatigue: physiological mechanisms. Pitman Medical, London (Ciba Foundation Symposium 82, pp 102–114)Google Scholar
  30. Zatziorskii VM, Alechinskii SI, Iakounin NA (1982) Biomechanical basis of endurance (in Russian). Nauka Sportu, MoscowGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Vandewalle
    • 1
  • B. Kapitaniak
    • 1
  • S. Grün
    • 1
  • S. Raveneau
    • 1
  • H. Monod
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physiologie du Travail (CNRS UA 385)ParisFrance

Personalised recommendations