Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 240, Issue 2, pp 317–329 | Cite as

A model of light-curve synthesizing for dwarf novae and the analysis of the OY Car observations by application of the inverse-problem method

  • Gojko Djurašević


The paper contains a model synthesizing the light curves of novae and novae-like stars, as well as of active close binaries (CB) in the phase of an intensive matter exchange between the components with accretion onto a white dwarf. The model considers the radial and azimuthal temperature distributions in the disk enabling a successful interpretation of asymmetrically deformed light curves characteristic for these systems. The analysis of the observed light curves is performed by using the inverse-problem method (Djurašević, 1992b) adapted to this model. In the particular case the parameters for the dwarf-novaOY Car are estimated on the basis of the U and B observations (Woodet al., 1989).

The synthetic light curves obtained through the inverse-problem solving, as a whole, fit the observations well which indicates that it is possible to estimate the system parameters on the basis of the model proposed here.

The obtained results indicate a complex hot-spot structure approximated in the model with two components—a central part and a surrounding spot larger in size. The central hot-spot part (temperature about 10000 K is surrounded asymmetrically by the larger spot lower in temperature (about 7000 K). The radiation of the central hot spot is ‘beamed’ forward by about 20°. The angular size of the hot-spot central part is about 5°, the centre longitude is 322°, whereas for the surrounding spot the size is about 33° and the longitude of the centre about 300°.

For the mass ratio of the componentsq=0.102 one finds for the orbit inclination about 83°.8. The analysis shows that the disk radius is about 51% of the corresponding Roche lobe radius.

Based on the U and B light curves the quiescent disk-edge temperature is estimated to about 5500 K (U), i.e. 4400 K (B). The disk-radial-temperature profile is much flatter than in the steady-state-approximation case. Beginning from the edge towards the disk centre the temperature slowly increases attaining about 7200 K (U), i.e. 5700 K (B) near the white dwarf. The differences in the solutions for the U and B light curves can be due to deviations in the disk radiation from the black-body approximation assumed in the present model. Expressed in the units of the distance between the component centres [D=1] the disk size is estimated to about 0.304 [D=1], its thickness to 0.014 [D=1], and the white-dwarf radius to about 0.02 [D=1]. The white-dwarf temperature is about 15000 K.

The obtained results are in a relatively good agreement with the system parameters estimated earlier (Woodet al., 1989). This indicates that the proposed model of the system and the corresponding inverse-problem method briefly presented here are fully applicable to the analysis of active CB light curves in this evolutionary phase. Though the model given here includes a number of approximations, it enables an independent procedure in the observational-material analysis based on the light-curve synthesis and on the application of the inverse-problem method. Results obtained by applying such an independent method can also serve as a reasonable way in testing the solutions obtained by utilising the earlier approaches.


Light Curf Observation Well White Dwarf Orbit Inclination Close Binary 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gojko Djurašević
    • 1
  1. 1.Astronomical ObservatoryBelgradeYugoslavia

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