Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 157, Issue 1–2, pp 321–329 | Cite as

V-R diagram for spiral galaxies. New insights into the hubble sequence

  • M. Prieto
  • A. Campos Aguilar
  • C. García
Statistical and General Properties of Galaxies


We examine the relation between the global parameters of spiral galaxies and their morphological type. We have represented the rotational velocityV at a radius of 25 mag arc sec−2 against this radiusR for a sample of 56 galaxies. Different types of galaxies appear separated on this diagram. We have plotted above theV-R diagram isolines of total mass, angular momentum and ‘mean surface density’ for isolated galaxies with circular motion in centrifugal equilibrium showing: (1) That the parameter that represents the morphological type is the ‘mean surface density’ or its observational parameterV2/R. (2) From aV-R diagram we can easily see what kinds of correlations we expect to find between the global properties of galaxies and their morphological type. (3) For every morphological type of galaxies there is a critical mass above which there is a change in its dynamical behaviour. Finally, consideringV2/R as representative of the morphological type, we can deduce theoretically the empirical Tully-Fisher relation and the dependence of the slope and the zero point on the morphological type. The separation in ‘logV’ that we expect to find for different types of galaxies for a constant luminosity is the same order as the experimental errors in the determination of ‘logV’. This explains the tight power-law relationship observed between this and the luminosity.


Angular Momentum Dynamical Behaviour Total Mass Experimental Error Surface Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aaronson, M. and Mould, J. R.: 1983,Astrophys. J. 265, 1.Google Scholar
  2. Bottinelli, L., Gouguenheim, L., Paturel, G., and de Vaucouleurs, G.: 1980,Astrophys. J. 242, L153.Google Scholar
  3. Bottinelli, L., Gouguenheim, L., Paturel, G., and de Vaucouleurs, G.: 1983,Astron. Astrophys. 118, 4 (BGPV).Google Scholar
  4. Bottinelli, L., Gouguenheim, L., Paturel, G., and de Vaucouleurs, G.: 1984,Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 56, 381.Google Scholar
  5. Brandt, J. C.: 1960,Astrophys. J. 131, 293.Google Scholar
  6. Brosche, P.: 1963,Z. Astrophys. 57, 143.Google Scholar
  7. Brosche, P.: 1970,Astron. Astrophys. 6, 240.Google Scholar
  8. Brosche, P.: 1971,Astron. Astrophys. 13, 108.Google Scholar
  9. Brosche, P.: 1978,Astrophys. Space Sci. 57, 463.Google Scholar
  10. Burbidge, E. M., Burbidge, G. R. and Prendergast, K. H.: 1959,Astrophys. J. 130, 739.Google Scholar
  11. de Vaucouleurs, G., de Vaucouleurs, A., and Corwin, H.: 1976,Second Reference Catalog of Bright Galaxies (RC2), Unoversity of Texas Press, Austin.Google Scholar
  12. Giraud, E.: 1986,Astrophys. J. 309, 512.Google Scholar
  13. Heidmann, J.: 1969,Astrophys. Letters 3, 19Google Scholar
  14. Nordsieck, K. H.: 1973,Astrophys. J. 184, 734.Google Scholar
  15. Roberts, M. S.: 1978,Astron. J. 83, 1026.Google Scholar
  16. Rubin, V. C., Burstein, D., Ford, W. K., Jr., and Thonnard, N.: 1980,Astrophys. J. 238, 471.Google Scholar
  17. Rubin, V. C., Burstein, D., Ford, W. K., Jr. and Thonnard, N.: 1980,Astrophys. J. 261, 439.Google Scholar
  18. Rubin, V. C., Burstein, D., Ford, W. K., Jr., and Thonnard, N.: 1980,Astrophys. J. 289, 81.Google Scholar
  19. Sandage, A. and Tammann, G. A.: 1981,A Revised Shapley-Ames Catalog of Bright Galaxies, Carnegie Institute of Washington, Washington.Google Scholar
  20. Savchenko, V. P.: 1974,Soviet Astron. 17, No. 743.Google Scholar
  21. Takase, B. and Kinoshita, H.: 1967,Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan 19, 409.Google Scholar
  22. Tinsley, B. M.: 1981,Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 194, 63.Google Scholar
  23. Tully, R. B. and Fisher, J. R.: 1977,Astron. Astrophys. 54, 661.Google Scholar
  24. Vettolani, G., Marano, B., Zamorani, G. and Bergamini, R.: 1980,Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 193, 269.Google Scholar
  25. Zasov, A. V. and Osipova, T. A.: 1987,Soviet Astron. Letters 13(2), 70.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Prieto
    • 1
  • A. Campos Aguilar
    • 1
  • C. García
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Astrofisica de CanariasLa Laguna, TenerifeSpain

Personalised recommendations