Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 49–54 | Cite as

Synthesis of condensed structures from 3-cyano-2-pyridylacrylic acids

  • L. N. Zhukauskaite
  • A. P. Stankevichyus
  • A. N. Kost


Ammonolysis of the methyl esters of trans-β-(3-cyano-2-pyridyl)acrylic (I) and trans-β-(6-methyl-3-cyano-2-pyridyl)acrylic (II) acids gave the amides of these acids. The addition of bromine, diazomethane, and hydrogen to the double bond of cis- and trans-acids I and II is described. Hydrogenation of the methyl esters of trans-acids I and II over Raneynickel at room temperature and atmospheric pressure occurs with intramolecular cyclization to two-ring lactams — 7-oxo-5, 6,8,9-tetrahydropyrid[3,2-c]azepine and 2-methyl-7-oxo-5,6,8,9-tetrahydropyrid[3,2-c]azepine. Under the conditons of acid hydrolysis of acids I and II the elements of water add to the nitrile group with intramolecular cyclization to give, respectively, 3-carboxymethyl-1-oxo-2,3-dihydrofuro [4,3-b]pyridine and 5-methyl-3-carboxymethyl-1-oxo-2,3-dihydrofuro[4,3-b]pyridine, whereas refluxing these acids with aqueous sodium hydroxide gives two-ring lactams — 3-carboxymethyl-1-oxo-2, 3-dihydropyrrolo[4,3-b]pyridine and its 5-methyl homolog. The structures of the compounds were confirmed by the UV, IR, PMR, and mass spectra.


Hydrolysis Hydroxide Amide Pyridine Methyl Ester 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. N. Zhukauskaite
    • 1
  • A. P. Stankevichyus
    • 1
  • A. N. Kost
    • 1
  1. 1.Kaunas Medical InstituteKaunas

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