Optical and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 249–259 | Cite as

Positive and negative feedback effects of four-wave mixing in photorefractive crystals with two active centres

  • F. A. Rustamov
  • E. A. Sadykhov


Based on a two-level model of optical transitions, the problem of positive and negative feedback effects during simultaneous reading and writing of dynamic holograms in photorefractive crystals has been solved analytically. The diffraction efficiency and the gain coefficient are shown to be nonlinear functions of the readout beam intensity and are nonreciprocal with respect to the readout from the two input ports. The readout beam intensity value that affects a previously recorded grating is shown to depend on microscopic parameters such as the cross-section of photoionization, the recombination coefficient and the concentration of photorefractive centres. An analysis of the amplitude of the overall shared grating has shown that with increasing readout beam intensity the holographic grating thickness decreases. In this case, under negative feedback the grating amplitude decreases, while with positive feedback it increases. The possibility is shown of achieving (under positive feedback) a maximum value of diffraction efficiency and complete energy transfer in a finite thickness of the photorefractive crystal, in contrast to the infinite thickness required in the standard two-beam coupling case.


Input Port Diffraction Efficiency Finite Thickness Gain Coefficient Microscopic Parameter 
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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. A. Rustamov
    • 1
  • E. A. Sadykhov
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsBaku State UniversityBakuAzerbaijan Republic

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