Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 31, Issue 1–2, pp 273–282 | Cite as

Soil acidity and its relationship to root growth in declining forest stands in Germany

  • E. Matzne
  • D. Murach
  • H. Fortmann
Article

Abstract

Ingrowth core studies were used to investigate the influence of 3 different soils on root growth of Norway spruce in two stands in Northwest Germany. Root growth was significantly inhibited by the acid soil treatment. The amount of roots which had grown into the limed ingrowth cores were much higher and the percentage of dead roots was less when compared to the unlimed treatment. This is attributed to improved Ca/A1-ratios after liming. The fertilized peat-sand soil delivered optimal conditions for root growth indicated by maximum root biomass and 0% root mortality. The importance of soil acidification induced by acid deposition as the cause of the root disturbance in declining stands is addressed.

Keywords

Biomass Acidity Optimal Condition Lime Root Growth 

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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Matzne
    • 1
  • D. Murach
    • 2
  • H. Fortmann
    • 3
  1. 1.Research Center Forest Ecosystems/Forest DeclineUniversity of GöttingenGöttingenWest Germany
  2. 2.Institute for SilvicultureUniversity of GöttingenGöttingenWest Germany
  3. 3.Institute for Soil Science and Forest NutritionUniversity of GöttingenGöttingenWest Germany

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