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Triterpene glycosides ofHedera helix I. The structures of glycosides L-1, L-2a, L-2b, L-3, L-4a, L-4b, L-6a, L-6b, L-6c, L-7a, and L7-b from the leaves of common ivy

Abstract

The leaves of common ivy have yielded 11 triterpene glycosides: the 3-O-α-L-pyranosides of oleanolic acid (1), of echinocystic acid (2), and of hederagenin; the 3-O-[O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-α-L-arabinopyranoside]s of oleanolic acid (4), of echinocystic acid (5), and of hederagenin (6); the O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→4)-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester of hederagenin 3-O-α-L-pyranoside (7); the O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester of hederagenin 3-O-[O-α-L-pyranosyl-(1→2)-α-L-arabinopyranoside] (9); and the O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→4)-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl esters of oleanolic acid, echinocystic acid, and hederagenin 3-O-[O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranoside]s (8), (10), and (11), respectively. This is the first time that compounds (1), (2), (5), (7), (9), and (10) have been found in this plant.

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Simferopol' State University. Translated from Khimiya Prirodnykh Soedinenii, No. 6, pp. 742–746, November–December, 1994.

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Grishkovets, V.I., Kondratenko, A.E., Tolkacheva, N.V. et al. Triterpene glycosides ofHedera helix I. The structures of glycosides L-1, L-2a, L-2b, L-3, L-4a, L-4b, L-6a, L-6b, L-6c, L-7a, and L7-b from the leaves of common ivy. Chem Nat Compd 30, 689–692 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00630604

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Keywords

  • Glycoside
  • Arabinose
  • Rhamnose
  • Oleanolic Acid
  • Hederagenin