Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 397–418 | Cite as

Theory of thermal destruction of superconductivity by a current

  • W. C. OvertonJr.


Earlier theories on the velocity of longitudinal propagation of the normal superconductive interface for a wire or strip carrying a current near the critical value are modified and extended. The importance of the role of the latent heatQ L in a small elemental volume moving with the interface is determined;Q L was ignored in previous theoretical work. A criterion inequality is developed which permits a qualitative test of the validity of the velocity calculated by any thermal theory. The conditions for a stationary value of the energy inside a moving interface volume element are determined. They lead to a new functional relationship for the velocity in terms ofT t T B , whereT t is the transition temperature andT B is the bath or substrate temperature. Its intersection with the originalv vs.T t T B function uniquely defines both in terms of various thermodynamic parameters. Sample calculations for a Mo50Re50 alloy illuminate several aspects of the theory.


Transition Temperature Substrate Temperature Thermodynamic Parameter Elemental Volume Functional Relationship 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. C. OvertonJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Los Alamos Scientific LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaLos Alamos

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