Pharmacodynamics of ticlopidine in man in relation to plasma and blood cell concentration
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In 6 normal volunteers given single oral doses of 250, 500 and 1000 mg ticlopidine (T), the peak plasma level of unchanged drug was reached after about 2 h. There was no correlation between the plasma T level and its inhibitory effect on platelet function, expressed as % inhibition of ADP-induced aggregation. By means of HPLC and GC/MS significant concentrations of T were demonstrated in washed red cells, platelets and neutrophils, with a marked difference in the time course of the appearance of cell-associated drug. The time course of platelet-associated T very accurately fitted that of the antiaggregatory activity.
After subacute oral administration (250 mg b. d. for 7 days), the maximum effect on platelet function was observed after 3 to 4 days, when a significant concentration of platelet-associated T had been reached. The pharmacological effect persisted as long as drug was detectable in platelet.
An in vitro study strongly suggested that the antiaggregating effect was retained by treated washed platelets but not by treated plasma. It is suggested that the platelet compartment represents the pharmacological target of T via a specific uptake system.
Key wordsTiclopidine Platelet aggregation Anti-aggregating drugs Pharmacodynamics plasma levels intracellular drug adverse effects
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