Optical and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 24, Issue 10, pp 1151–1163 | Cite as

Spatial light modulators using ferroelectric liquid crystal

  • T. Kurokawa
  • S. Fukushima
Tutorial Review


Basic structures and functions of optically addressed spatial light modulators (SLMs) are discussed in the context of system applications. The most important functions imposed on spatial light modulators are those of image acceptance and transducers. SLMs using ferroelectric liquid crystal (FLC) satisfy essential requirements for high levels of resolution, sensitivity and response speed. We specifically surveyed the current performance of bipolar-operational spatial light modulators (BSLMs) that sufficiently exploit the bistability of FLC to output reversibly positive and negative images and to store them. The high performance of BSLMs makes them useful for many optical applications including image processing and real-time holography.


Image Processing Communication Network Liquid Crystal Basic Structure System Application 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    K. H. Brenner, A. Huang andN. Streibl,Appl. Opt. 25 (1986) 3054.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Tanida andY. Ichioka,ibid. 25 (1986) 1565.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. A. Neff, R. A. Athale andS. H. Lee,Proc. IEEE 78 (1990) 826.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Fukushima, T. Kurokawa, S. Matsuo andH. Kozawaguchi,Opt. Lett. 15 (1990) 285.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. A. B. Miller,Opt. Quantum Electron. 22 (1990) S61.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. Amano, S. Matsuo andT. Kurokawa,IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3 (1991) 736.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Tsuda andT. Kurokawa,Appl. Opt. 29 (1990) 5054.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. D. Bears, W. P. Bleha andS. Y. Wong,Appl. Phys. Lett. 22 (1973) 90.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    N. A. Clark andS. T. Largerwall,ibid. 36 (1980) 899.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. Moddel, inAmorphous Microcrystalline Semiconductor Devices: Optoelectronic Devices, edited by J. Kanicki (Artech House, Norwood, Massachusetts, 1991) p. 369.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    G. Moddel, K. M. Johnson, W. Li, R. A. Rice, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer andM. A. Handschy,Appl. Phys. Lett. 55 (1989) 537.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. Williams, S. G. Latham, C. M. J. Powles, M. A. Powell, R. C. Chittick, A. P. Sparks andN. Collings,J. Phys. D 21 (1988) S156.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. Yamamoto, T. Ebihara, N. Kato andR. Sekura, inInternational Topical Meeting on Optical Computing, Kobe, April 1990 (Japan Society of Applied Physics) Paper 9C6.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    D. Armitage, J. I. Thackara, N. A. Clark andM. A. Handschy,Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 144 (1987) 309.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. Kurokawa andS. Fukushima, inInternational Topical Meeting on Optical Computing, Kobe, April 1990 (Japan Society of Applied Physics) Paper 9B3.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    S. Fukushima, T. Kurokawa andM. Ohno,Appl. Opt. in press.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    T. Kurokawa andS. Fukushima, inTopical Meeting on Spatial Light Modulators and Applications, Incline Village, Nevada, September 1990 (Optical Society of America) Paper MB3.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Y. Sakai, S. Fukushima, H. Tsuda andT. Kurokawa, inInternational Topical Meeting on Optical Computing, Kobe, April 1990 (Japan Society of Applied Physics) Paper 10C13.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Fukushima andT. Kurokawa,IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3 (1991) 682.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. Fukushima, T. Kurokawa andY. Sakai,ibid. 3 (1991) 1133.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. Fukushima, T. Kurokawa andH. Suzuki,Appl. Opt. 29 (1990) 2099.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    K. M. Johnson andG. Moddel,ibid. 28 (1989) 4888.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. Fukushima, T. Kurokawa andM. Ohno,Appl. Phys. Lett. 25 (1991) 787.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Y. Kobayashi, T. Takemori, N. Mukozaka, N. Yoshida, T. Hori andS. Fukushima, inSPIE International Symposium on Optical Fabrication, Testing and Surface Evaluation, Tokyo, June 1992.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    T. Iwaki andY. Mitsuoka,Opt. Lett. 15 (1990) 1218.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    K. M. Johnson, C. C. Mao, G. Moddel, M. A. Handschy andK. Arnet,ibid. 15 (1990) 1114.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Fukushima andT. Kurokawa, inICO Topical Meeting on Optical Computing, Minsk, June 1992, Paper 30D22.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung andR. A. Athale,Proc. IEEE 72 (1984) 850.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Kurokawa
    • 1
  • S. Fukushima
    • 1
  1. 1.NTT Opto-electronics LaboratoriesKanagawaJapan

Personalised recommendations