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Journal of Superconductivity

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 63–80 | Cite as

d-Hole localization and the suppression of superconductivity in YBa2(Cu1-xZnx)3O7−y

  • Chan -Soo Jee
  • D. Nichols
  • A. Kebede
  • S. Rahman
  • J. E. Crow
  • A. M. Ponte Goncalves
  • T. Mihalisin
  • G. H. Myer
  • I. Perez
  • R. E. Salomon
  • P. Schlottmann
  • S. H. Bloom
  • M. V. Kuric
  • Y. S. Yao
  • R. P. Guertin
Article

Abstract

The temperature and Zn concentration dependence of the electrical resistivity, specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra of YBa2(Cu1−xZn x )3O7−y withy∼0.1 has been measured forx≤0.16. In addition, the temperature and field dependence of the magnetization has been measured for 2<T<300K and 0<H<9.0T, along with the temperature and quasihydrostatic pressure dependence of the electrical resistivity for selected samples for 0<P<13 GPa. The substitution of Zn for Cu in YBa2Cu3O7−y causes a rapid and nearly linear depression of the superconducting transition temperature,T c , withT c going to 0 K forx≥ 0.10. YBa2(Cu1−xZn x )3O7−y retains the YBa2Cu3O7-y orthorhombic structure forx≤0.16 for both the superconducting and nonsuperconducting samples. Initially, the unit cell volume increases nearly linearly with Zn content; however, an abrupt change occurs in the vicinityx=0.8–0.10. Forx<0.10, the temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity,ρ(T), is metallic-like (dρ/dT>0) andρ increases gradually with increasing Zn content. However, forx≥ 0.10,ρ(T) becomes semiconductor-like, with a very rapid increase of the resistivity with increasingx. The electrical resistivity, magnetic susceptibility, EPR spectra, and specific heat all indicate that thed-holes associated with the Cu ions become localized in the nonsuperconducting phase,x>-0.10.

Key words

YBa2(Cu1−xZnx)3O7−y electrical resistivity specific heat magnetic susceptibility electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chan -Soo Jee
    • 1
  • D. Nichols
    • 1
  • A. Kebede
    • 1
  • S. Rahman
    • 1
  • J. E. Crow
    • 1
  • A. M. Ponte Goncalves
    • 1
  • T. Mihalisin
    • 1
  • G. H. Myer
    • 1
  • I. Perez
    • 1
  • R. E. Salomon
    • 1
  • P. Schlottmann
    • 1
  • S. H. Bloom
    • 1
  • M. V. Kuric
    • 2
  • Y. S. Yao
    • 2
  • R. P. Guertin
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Materials ResearchTemple UniversityPhiladelphia
  2. 2.Physics DepartmentTufts UniversityMedford

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