Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 135–143 | Cite as

Ruthenium dioxide-based film electrodes

III. Effect of chemical composition and surface morphology on oxygen evolution in acid solutions
  • G. Lodi
  • E. Sivieri
  • A. De Battisti
  • S. Trasatti


Oxygen evolution from acid solutions has been investigated on two kinds of RuO2-based electrodes; compact and cracked (porous) films. The kinetic study has been carried out by means of potentiostatic curves. A method is suggested to estimate the surface concentration of active sites. The reaction order with respect to active sites and the activation energy have been determined. The mechanism is shown to differ on the two kinds of film in relation to theS(site)-OH bond strength and the surface concentration of intermediates. The behaviour of films on silica glass substrates is reported for the first time.


Oxygen Physical Chemistry Activation Energy Acid Solution Bond Strength 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    H. V. K. Udupa, R. Thangappan, B. R. Yadav and P. Subbiah,Chem. Age India 23 (1975) 545.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    R. R. Dukes and R. G. Milner,J. Electrochem. Soc. 117 (1970) 9C.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    S. Trasatti and G. Buzzanca,J. Electroanal. Chem. 29 (1971) A1.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    W. O'Grady, C. Iwakura, J. Huang and E. Yeager, ‘Electrocatalysis’, (Ed. M. W. Breiter), The Electrochemical Society, Princeton (1974) p. 286.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    G. Singh, M. H. Miles and S. Srinivasan, ‘Nat. Bur. of Standards Special Publication 445’, (Ed. A. D. Franklin) (1976) p. 289.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    E. Yeager, ‘Nat. Bur. of Standards Special Publication 455’, (Ed. A. D. Franklin) (1976) p. 203.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    D. Galizzioli, F. Tantardini and S. Trasatti,J. Appl. Electrochem. 4 (1974) 57.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    D. Galizzioli, F. Tantardini and S. Trasatti,ibid 5 (1975) 203.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    G. Lodi, C. Bighi and C. de Asmundis,Mat. Sci. 1 (1976) 177.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    S. Pizzini, G. Buzzanca, C. Mari, L. Rossi and S. Torchio,Mar. Res. Bull. 7 (1972) 449.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    W. D. Ryden and A. W. Lawson,Phys. Rev. B1 (1970) 1494.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    T. Loucka,J. Appl. Electrochem. 7 (1977) 211.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    G. Bianchi,ibid 1 (1971) 231.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    S. Trasatti,J. Electrochem. Soc. 120 (1973) 1702.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    A. T. Kuhn and C. J. Mortimer,ibid 120 (1973) 1704.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    J. T. Sommerfeld and G. Parravano,J. Phys. Chem. 69 (1965) 102.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    A. T. Kuhn and C. J. Mortimer,J. Electrochem. Soc. 120 (1973) 231.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    M. Pourbaix, ‘Atlas d'Equilibres Electrochimiques’, Gauthier-Villars et G., Paris (1963).Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    J. O'M. Bockris, ‘Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry’, (Ed. J. O'M. Bockris), Butterworth, London (1954) p. 180.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    B. E. Conway and M. Salomon,Electrochim. Acta 9 (1964) 1599.Google Scholar
  21. [21 ]
    A. Damjanovic, ‘Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry’, (Eds. J. O'M. Bockris and B. E. Conway)5, Butterworths, London (1969) p. 369.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    K. J. O'Leary and T. J. Navin,Chlorine Bicent. Symp. (1974) 174.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    P. Rüetschi and P. Delahay,J. Chem. Phys. 23, (1955) 556.Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    L. I. Krishtalik,Elektrokhimiya 4 (1968) 240.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    A. B. Nikolskij and A. N. Ryabov,Zh. Neorg. Khim. 10 (1965) 3.Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    H. Schäfer, A. Tebben and W. Gerhardt,Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 321 (1963) 41.Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    A. I. Krasilshchikov,Zh. Fiz. Khim. 37 (1963) 531.Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    C. Iwakura, K. Hirao and H. Tamura,Electrochim. Acta 22 (1977) 335.Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    C. Iwakura, K. Hirao and H. Tamura,ibid 22 (1977) 329.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Lodi
    • 1
  • E. Sivieri
    • 1
  • A. De Battisti
    • 1
  • S. Trasatti
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Electrochemistrythe UniversityMilanoItaly

Personalised recommendations