Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 9, Issue 6, pp 663–669 | Cite as

Voltage delay in lithium non-aqueous battery systems

  • A. Leef
  • A. Gilmour
Review

Abstract

The voltage delay problem relating to lithium non-aqueous batteries is reviewed on the basis of accessible literature: papers, patents and industrial reports. Most attention is given to the batteries available on the market (e.g. Li/SO2 and Li/SOC12). Some problems of film formation on lithium anodes are analysed in an attempt to elucidate the nature of the voltage delay, and different methods of alleviating it are described.

Keywords

Physical Chemistry Lithium Film Formation Battery System Lithium Anode 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    A. N. Dey,Thin solid film 43 (1977) 131.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Idem, DELET — TR — 74-0109-F, P. R. Mallory and Co, Inc, Burlington, MA 01903 (1978).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Idem, US Patent 4071 664 (1978).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Idem, 152nd Meeting, Electrochemical Society, Atlanta, Georgia (1977), Extended Abstract no. 15.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Idem, Electrochim. Acta 21 (1976) 377.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    A. N. Dey and C. R. Schlaikjer,Proceedings 26th Power Sources Symposium (1974) p47.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    A. N. Dey,ISE 28th meeting, Varna (1977), Extended Abstract no. 141.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Idem, ECOM-74-0109-13, P. R. Mallory and Co. Inc. Burlington, MA 01803 (1977).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Idem, Electrochim. Acta 21 (1976) 855.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    A. N. Dey and P. Bro, in ‘Power Sources’, Vol. 6, Edited by D. H. Collins, Academic Press, New York (1977) p. 493.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    D. R. Cogley, M. J. Turchan and G. L. Holleck, ECOM-74-0030-3, EIC, Inc, Newton, MA 02158 (1974).Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    G. L. Holleck and M. J. Turchan,Proceedings 10th IECEC, Newark, Delaware (1975) p. 449.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    G. L. Holleck, M. J. Turchan and D. E. Toland, ECOM-74-0030-5, EIC, Inc, Newton, MA 02158 (1975).Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    G. L. Holleck, J. R. Driscoll and D. E. Toland, ECOM-74-0030-6, EIC, Inc., Newton, MA 02158 (1975).Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    D. R. Cogley and M. J. Turchan, ECOM-74-0030-1, EIC, Inc, Newton, MA 02158 (1974).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    J. R. Driscoll, G. L. Holleck and D. E. Toland,Proceedings 27th Power Sources Symposium (1976) p. 28.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    J. R. Driscoll, US Patent 4093 784 (1978).Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    E. Peled, C. R. Schlaikjer and N. Marincic,J. Electrochem. Soc. 125 (1978) 175C, Abstract no. 553.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    N. Marincic, A. Lombardi and C. R. Schlaikjer,Proceedings 27th Power Sources Symposium (1976) p. 37.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    J. J. Auborn and N. Marincic, in ‘Power Sources’, Vol. 5 Academic Press, New York (1975) p. 683.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    N. Marincic and A. Lombardi, ECOM-74-01084, GTE Lab, Waltham, MA 02154 (1975).Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Idem, ECOM-74-0108-5, GTE Lab, Waltham, MA 02154 (1975).Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Idem, ECOM-74-0108-8, GTE Lab, Waltham, MA02154 (1976).Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    D. L. Chua and W. C. Merc,Proceedings 27th Power Sources Symposium (1976), p. 33.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    J. F. McCartney, W. H. Shipman and C. R. Gundersen,Proceedings 27th Power Sources Symposium (1976) p. 45.Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    J. A. Christopulos and S. Gilman,Proceedings 10th IECEC Newark, Delaware (1975) p. 437.Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    J. P. Gabano and P. Lenfant,J. Electrochem. Soc. 125 (1978) 334C, Abstract no. 27.Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    Advanced Battery Technology 152 February (1979) p. 4.Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    J. P. Gabano,ISE 28th meeting, Varna (1977) Extended Abstract no. 139.Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    J. O. Besenhard and G. Eichinger,J. Electroanalyt. Chem. 72 (1976) 1.Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    H. Taylor,Proceedings 12th IECEC (1977) Vol. 1, p. 288.Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    P. M. Shah,Proceedings 27th Power Sources Symposium (1976) p. 59.Google Scholar
  33. [33]
    H. Taylor, TR-76-9, P. R. Mallory and Co, Inc, Burlington, MA 01803 (1976).Google Scholar
  34. [34]
    P. Bro, R. Holmes, N. Marincic and H. Taylor in ‘Power Sources’, Vol. 5, edited by D. H. Collins Academic Press, New York (1975) p. 703.Google Scholar
  35. [35]
    M. G. Rosansky and R. M. Tedeschi, TR-0042-Q-0 TR-0042-Q-01, Power Conversion, Inc. South Mt Vernon, NY 10550 (1976).Google Scholar
  36. [36]
    T. Watson, TR-0042-Q-03, Power Conversion, Inc, South Mt Vernon, NY 10550 (1977).Google Scholar
  37. [37]
    E. D. Wilmar, in ‘Power Sources’, Vol. 6, edited by D. H. Collins, Academic Press, New York (1977) p. 469.Google Scholar
  38. [38]
    A. Gilmour,ERA 78-22 Seminar, London, (1978) Session no. 2, Paper no. 2.Google Scholar
  39. [39]
    E. S. Brooks,Proceedings 26th Power Sources Symposium (1974) p. 31.Google Scholar
  40. [40]
    E. J. Rudd, TR-73-22, P. R. Mallory and Co, Inc, Burlington, MA 01803 (1973).Google Scholar
  41. [41]
    J. O. Besenhard and G. Eichinger,J. Electroanalyt. Chem. 68 (1976) 1.Google Scholar
  42. [42]
    M. Fukuda and T. Iijima, in ‘Power Sources’, Vol. 5, edited by D. H. Collins, Academic Press, New York (1975) p. 713.Google Scholar
  43. [43]
    F. W. Dampier,J. Electrochem. Soc. 121 (1974) 656.Google Scholar
  44. [44]
    G. Pistoia and U. Mancinelli,Electrochem. Acta. 22 (1977) 1141.Google Scholar
  45. [45]
    A. N. Day, US Patent 4085 256, (1978).Google Scholar
  46. [46]
    J. N. Butler and D. R. Cogley, US Patent 3716 410 (1973).Google Scholar
  47. [47]
    M. L. B. Rao, US Patent 3413 154 (1968).Google Scholar
  48. [48]
    I. A. Kedrinskii, S. V. Morozov, G. I. Suchova and T. V. Kuznezova,ISE 28th Meeting, Varna (1977) Extended Abstract no. 152.Google Scholar
  49. [49]
    F. P. Dousek, J. Jansta and J. Riha,J. Electroanalyt. Chem. 46 (1973) 281.Google Scholar
  50. [50]
    R. V. Moshtev, Y. Geronov, B. Puresheva and A. Nasalevska,ISE 28th Meeting, Varna (1977) Extended Abstract no. 153.Google Scholar
  51. [51]
    E. Peled,152nd Meeting Electrochem. Soc. Atlanta, Georgia, (1977) Extended Abstract no. 4.Google Scholar
  52. [52]
    E. Peled and H. Straze,J. Electrochem. Soc. 124 (1977) 1030.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Leef
    • 1
  • A. Gilmour
    • 1
  1. 1.Mallory Batteries LtdCrawleyUK

Personalised recommendations