Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 261–267 | Cite as

Formation of sorbitol by cathodic reduction of glucose

  • A. Bin Kassim
  • C. L. Rice
  • A. T. Kuhn
Papers

Abstract

The steady-state formation of sorbitol by cathodic reduction of glucose was studied in a parallel-plate reactor of 200 cm2 electrode area. Earlier work was extended to explore the effect of flow rate, pH and current density. The effect of temperature between 20° and 47° C and the use of amalgamated lead as compared with chemical lead and other metals is discussed. It is shown that addition of Zn2+ ions accelerates the reaction and the reasons for this are discussed. The implications for industrial application are considered.

Keywords

Glucose Physical Chemistry Industrial Application Sorbitol Electrode Area 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    A. T. Kuhn (editor) ‘Industrial Electrochemical Processes’, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1971).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    H. M. Factory Inspectorate Reports, Health and Safety Executive, “The Explosion at Laporte Industries, Ilford’, HMSO, London (1976).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    N. Fedoronko,Adv. Carbohydrate Chem. Biochem. 29 (1974) 107.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    B. Capon,Chem. Rev. 69 (1969) 454, alsoJ. C. S. PerkinII (1974) 1600.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    H. J. Creighton,Trans. Amer. Electrochem. Soc. 75 (1939) 289.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    N. G. Belenkaya and N. A. Belozerskii,J. Gen. Chem. USSR 19 (1949) 93.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    M. Birkett and A. T. Kuhn,Electrochim. Acta 22 (1977) 1427.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    US Patents: 16 353 004, 1612 361. French Patent: 760 507. German Patent: 630 454. US Patents: 2300 218, 2280 887, 2289 189, 2289 190, 2303210, 2458895, 2507973.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    M. G. Smirnova and E. I. Kovachenko,Navasti Elektrokhim. Org. Soedin, Tezisy Dikl., Vses. Sov. 8 (1973) 56.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    A. bin Kassim,PkD Thesis, University of Salford (1980).Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    W. G. Overend and A. R. Peacocke,J. Chem. Soc. (1961) 3487.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    W. B. Neely,Diss. Abs. 16 (1956) 19.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    R. Mitzner and E. Behrenwald,Z. Phys. Chem., Lpz. 247 (1971) 78.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Delahay and Strassner,J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 73 (1951) 5219.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    C. Y. Chan, A. T. Kulin, in press.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    A. Knoedler and K. W. Neugebohren,Metalloberflaeche 24 (1970) 78.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    A. bin Kassim, C. L. Rice and A. T. Kulin,Trans. Farad. Soc. I (1981) in press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Bin Kassim
    • 1
  • C. L. Rice
    • 1
  • A. T. Kuhn
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of SalfordSalfordUK
  2. 2.Department of Bio-Materials ScienceInstitute of Dental SurgeryLondonUK

Personalised recommendations