Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 405–410 | Cite as

Correlation between specific adsorption and corrosion inhibition. Adsorption of 1-butylpyridinium bromide

  • L. A. Avaca
  • E. R. González
  • A. Rúvolo Filho


A correlation between specific adsorption and corrosion inhibition was made on the basis of calculations of the degree of coverage at zero charge on the electrode and corrosion rates. 1-butylpyridinium bromide (BPB) was choosen as a model compound for these studies. The electrical double-layer parameters were determined at constant charge on a mercury electrode, from values of the interfacial capacity and surface tension obtained experimentally from aqueous solutions of BPB at 25° C. The characteristics of the salt as a corrosion inhibitor were studied through Tafel plots and weight-loss measurements using mild steel plates immersed in H2SO4 solutions. Analysis of the results lead to the conclusion that the salt adsorbs intensely on the metal surface, forming a complete monolayer of BP+ ions in 0.1 mol dm−3 solutions and multilayers for higher concentrations. The results of this work indicate that for high coverages there is a good correlation between the amount of BP+ specifically adsorbed on mercury and the inhibition of the corrosion process on mild steel. That type of compound acts mainly as an anodic inhibitor in acid media by the formation of protective layers on the metal surface.


Mercury Surface Tension Corrosion Rate Metal Surface Mild Steel 
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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd. 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. A. Avaca
    • 1
  • E. R. González
    • 1
  • A. Rúvolo Filho
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Fisica e Química de São CarlosUniversidade de São PauloSão Carlos, SPBrasil

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