Effects of single oral doses of bisoprolol and atenolol on airway function in nonasthmatic chronic obstructive lung disease and angina pectoris
A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind crossover investigation in 12 patients with non-asthmatic chronic obstructive lung disease and co-existing stable angina pectoris was done to compare two β1-selective adrenoceptor blocking agents, atenolol 100 mg and bisoprolol 20 mg. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP, DBP), heart rate (HR) as well as airway resistance (AWR, and less frequently forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and intrathoracic gas volume (ITGV) were measured in the sitting position before and at various times up to 24 h after drug intake.
During the first 4 h both beta-blockers produced a significant reduction in HR in comparison to placebo (p<0.01). Atenolol 100 mg significantly increased AWR relative to placebo and bisoprolol (p<0.05). After 24 h, a significant reduction in HR (p<0.01) could only be demonstrated after bisoprolol, whereas atenolol alone led to a significant elevation in AWR relative to placebo and bisoprolol (p<0.05) at that time.
It is concluded that bisoprolol appears to have a high degree of beta1-selectivity, thus providing a wide split between beta1- and beta2-adrenoceptor blockade. Bisoprolol in its therapeutic dose range is expected to be relatively safe as regards bronchoconstriction in patients suffering both from hypertension and/or angina pectoris and chronic obstructive lung disease.
Key wordsbisoprolol atenolol angina pectoris β1-/ β2-blockade selectivity lung function parameters non-asthmatic chronic obstructive lung disease
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