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Diagnostic efficacy and safety of two low-osmolar contrast media in cerebral angiography

Abstract

A comparative randomised open study was carried out in 120 patients uncle undergoing cerebral angiography, to compare two low-osmolar contrast media (LOCM). All the patients participated voluntarily in the trial. Half the patients (n = 60) received sodium and meglumine ioxaglate (Hexabrix 320) and the other half (n = 60) iohexol (Omnipaque 300). Contrast agent efficacy was evaluated at the different cerebral levels explored. Adverse reactions were recorded immediately and 24 h post-administration. Diagnostic quality was considered excellent in 95% of cases with Omnipaque and in 97% of cases with Hexabrix. Image quality was excellent in 95%, of cases with Omnipaque and in 100 % of cases with Hexabrix. In terms of both efficacy and safety, no significant difference was observed between the agents. Thus, low osmolality would appear to be the essential factor in this indication as far as safety is concerned. No significant difference in safety was noted between the ionic LOCM Hexabrix and the non-ionic LOCM Omnipaque.

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Sumie, H., Katayama, H. Diagnostic efficacy and safety of two low-osmolar contrast media in cerebral angiography. Eur. Radiol. 4, 185–189 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00606445

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00606445

Key words

  • Cerebral angiography
  • Contrast agents
  • Ionicity, osmolality
  • Low-osmolar contrast media