Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 344–348 | Cite as

Isolation of a protein with diaphorase activity from cotton seeds and a study of some of its properties

  • Sh. Yunuskhanov
Article
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Abstract

The diaphorase activities of the proteins of different varieties of two species of cotton plant —Gossypium hirsutum L. andG. barbadense L. — have been studied. It has been shown that the proteins of the seeds of the cotton plantG. barbadense possess a low diaphorase activity in comparison with the proteins of the seeds of aG. hirsutum plant. On an electrophoretogram of the proteins, diaphorase activity was localized in two zones, with Rf 0.45 and 0.70. The diaphorase with Rf 0.45 has been isolated by electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gel (PAAG) and some of its properties have been studied. The diaphorase isolated oxidizes NADH and NADPH in the presence of various artificial electron Acceptors, and has two pH optima (at 7.20 and 8.70) and is characterized by relative thermal stability (at 80°C). In the case of the total extract, brief boiling does not lead to inactivation of the enzyme, which shows the presence in cotton seeds of a factor stabilizing this diaphorase. The molecular weight of the proteins isolated, according to gel filtration on Sephadex G-150, is 59,000, and from the results of SDS-PAAG electrophoresis it is 13,600, which shows a tetrameric structure of the enzyme.

Keywords

Molecular Weight Organic Chemistry Thermal Stability Polyacrylamide NADPH 

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© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1987

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  • Sh. Yunuskhanov

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