Dynamic enhancement MRI of anterior lobe in pituitary dwarfism
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We examined 23 patients with pituitary dwarfism by dynamic MRI; with a repetition time of 150 or 50 ms. The time-enhancement difference curves of selected regions in the anterior lobes were plotted. Another 48 patients with no definite clinical pituitary disfunction were examined with the same technique. We found that the intensity of maximum enhancement in both groups was similar, but the time to achieve maximum enhancement was delayed in pituitary dwarfism with or without stalk transection; the time seemed longest with stalk transection. There was little difference in enhancement between patients with multiple hormone deficiency or isolated growth hormone deficiency. Dynamic MRI of the anterior lobes may be an important functional imaging study, and our results imply that poor perfusion is a useful finding in pituitary dwarfism, especially in patients without stalk transection and normal pituitary height.
Key wordsDynamic contrast enhancement Pituitary dwarfism Magnetic resonance imaging
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