International Review of Education

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 263–267 | Cite as

Formal, nonformal and informal modes of learning: A glimpse of the Tanzanian experience

  • Yusuf Kassam


This short report has reflected upon and illustrated the different ways and means by which formal, nonformal and informal modes of learning have been made to interact with each other in Tanzania. Integration to such an extent has been made possible both through structural changes in the educational system as well as through the operation of some specific learning programmes. The rationale for using such an integrative approach has also been outlined.

The interaction between formal, nonformal and informal structures and modes of learning is certainly not comprehensive nor completely integrated, as is evident from the report. Rather, a rational start has been made in that direction within the overall framework of Tanzania's development goals and aspirations.


Structural Change Integrative Approach Educational System Development Goal Learning Programme 
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© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1982

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  • Yusuf Kassam

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