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International Review of Education

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 87–102 | Cite as

Observations on the missing linkage between theories of historical expansion of schooling and planning for future educational development

  • Lewis A. Mennerick
  • Mehrangiz Najafizadeh
Articles

Abstract

There are presently two major bodies of literature that focus on the development and growth of educational systems. The first examines the historical expansion of schooling, with particular emphasis on industrialized countries. The second concentrates on planning for future educational expansion in countries that currently are less educationally developed. In this paper, an overview of theoretical perspectives on the historical expansion of schooling and an overview of perspectives that guide planning for future expansion are presented, and the relationship between the two sets of perspectives explored. It is concluded that these two bodies of literature presently exist, for the most part, as separate bodies of knowledge. Greater communication between individuals engaged in historical research and those involved in planning for future expansion is urged. Specifically, it is suggested that greater efforts be made to explore how studies and theories of historical expansion might provide insights that would contribute to more effective planning for the future expansion of schooling in less educationally-developed countries.

Keywords

Educational System Historical Research Educational Development Great Communication Effective Planning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Zusammenfassung

In der Forschungsliteratur gibt es derzeit zwei Hauptströmungen, die schwerpunktmäßig Entwicklung und Erweiterung der Erziehungssysteme behandeln. Während die eine die Erweiterung des Schulwesens historisch unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Industrieländer untersucht, konzentriert sich die andere auf die Planung zukünftiger Erweiterungen des Schulwesens in Ländern, die z.Zt. im Hinblick auf die Erziehungswissenschaften weniger weit entwickelt sind. In diesem Bericht wird ein Überblick sowohl über theoretische Perspektiven der Erweiterung im Schulwesen aus historischer Sicht als auch über Perspektiven gegeben, die der Planung zukünftiger Erweiterungen zu Grunde liegen. Darüberhinaus wird die Beziehung zwischen diesen beiden Komplexen von Perspektiven untersucht. Abschließend wird die Auffassung vertreten, daß diese beiden Forschungsströmungen z.Zt. weitgehend als getrennte Wissensbestände bestehen. Zur besseren Verständigung zwischen denjenigen, die in der historischen Forschung tätig und denjenigen, die mit der Planung zukünftiger Erweiterung beschäftigt sind, wird geraten. Es wird vorgeschlagen, größere Anstrengungen zu unternehmen, um herauszufinden, wie Untersuchungen und Theorien über die historische Erweiterung klärend beitragen könnten, wirksamere Planung für zukünftige Erweiterungen des Schulwesens in pädagogisch weniger entwickelten Ländern durchzuführen.

Résumé

Il existe actuellement deux larges courants d'écrits portant sur le développement et la croissance des systèmes éducatifs. Le premier examine l'expansion historique de la scolarisation en plaçant un accent particulier sur les pays industrialisés. Le second se concentre sur la planification de l'expansion future de l'éducation dans les pays présentemment moins développés en matière d'éducation. Cet article présente un examen des perspectives théoriques sur l'expansion historique de la scolarisation en même temps que celui des perspectives qui guident la planification pour une expansion future; on y explore également la relation entre ces deux ensembles de perspectives. L'article aboutit à la conclusion que ces deux courants d'écrits existent, en garde partie, comme deux domaines différents de connaissance. Il est fortement conseillé de tisser des liens plus étroits de communication entre les personnes engagées dans la recherche historique et celles concernées par la planification de l'expansion future de l'éducation. Il est spécialement suggéré d'entreprendre de plus gros efforts pour explorer la façon dont les études et théories sur l'expansion historique pourraient donner un meilleur aperçu d'une planification plus effective de l'expansion de la scolarisation dans les pays les moins pourvus en matière d'éducation.

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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lewis A. Mennerick
  • Mehrangiz Najafizadeh

There are no affiliations available

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