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Archiv für dermatologische Forschung

, Volume 242, Issue 1, pp 30–42 | Cite as

Größe, form und anordnung verhornender Schleimhautzellen

  • G. Plewig
Article

Zusammenfassung

Die Morphologie exfoliierender Zellen der Lippenschleimhaut, Zunge, Cervix uteri und des Fornix vaginae sowie des Scrotums wird beschrieben. In einer feuchten Kammer werden nach früher angegebenen Methoden einzelne Zellen im Aufblick von oben sowie Zellverbände an Gefrierschnitten in der Vertikalebene nach Zellfärbung fluorescenzoptisch untersucht. Alle Schleimhautzellen (längster Durchmesser: Zunge 70 µ, Lippe 62,4 µ, Cervix 59,4 µ, Vagina 61,1 µ) sind signifikant größer (p < 0,001) als die größten Hornzellen der Haut (Scrotum: 43,9 µ). Kinder und Greise unterscheiden sich nicht von Erwachsenen in der Zellgröße. Alle Schleimhautzellen sind kernhaltig, bizarr konfiguriert und von sehr unterschiedlicher Zellgröße. Der Verband der oberflächlichsten Schleimhautzellen weist keine symmetrische Anordnung auf. Die variable Morphologie der Einzelzellen, die starke Epidermisdicke und die hohe Proliferationsrate sind unvereinbar mit dem „Stacking-Prinzip“.

Size, form and structural arrangement of mucouse membrane cells

Summary

Exfoliative cells from lip, tongue, cervix uteri, fornix vaginae and scrotum are described morphologically. The flat surface of individual cells was observed in a wet chamber according to a previously described technique. Also, the structural arrangement of these cells was assessed in vertical FITC-stained sections.

All mucous membrance cells (longest diameter: tongue 70 µ, lip 62,4 µ, cervix 59,4 µ, vagina 61,1 µ) are significantly larger (p < 0.001) than the largest Str. corneum cells (scrotum: 43.9 µ). No age differences were found. All mucous membrane cells are nucleated, bizarre shaped and of variable size. In contrast to Str. corneum cells no symmetrical arrangement was seen in mucous membrane epithelia. The variable shape of single cells, the thickness of the epithelium and the high rate of cell proliferation are inconsistent with cell stacking.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Plewig
    • 1
  1. 1.Dermatologische Klinik und PoliklinikLudwig-Maximilians Universität MünchenBRD

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