Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 387–396 | Cite as

Study of equilibrium and non-equilibrium intergranular segregations of sulphur in nickel by high resolution microprints and electrochemical testing

  • J. Barbier-Vitart
  • G. Saindrenan
  • A. Larere
  • C. Roques-Carmes
Papers

Abstract

Two non-destructive tests are used to characterize the intergranular segregation of sulphur in polycrystalline nickel. According to the thermal treatment, two mechanisms can be considered: (a) After quenching and tempering an equilibrium mechanism applies. Using the McLean model, the intergranular segregation energy of sulphur in nickel was estimated and a value of −98 kJ mo−1 obtained, (b) A non-equilibrium mechanism explains the results obtained after recrystallization treatments.

Keywords

Polymer Sulphur Nickel High Resolution Recrystallization 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    L. A. Harris,J. Appl. Phys. 39 (1968) 1428.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. H. Westbrook andS. Floreen,Can. Met. Quart. 13 (1974) 181.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Chaung, J. B. Lumsden andR. W. Staehle, Paper number 20, The International Corrosion Forum on Protection and Performance of Materials, March (1977), San Francisco.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Guttmann, in “Advances in the Mechanics and Physics of Surfaces”, Vol. 1, edited by R. M. Latanision and R. J. Courtel (1980).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Larere, R. Roques-Carmes, P. Dumoulin andM. Guttemann,Acta. Met. to be published.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. Wache,Metaux Corrosion Industrie 546 (1971) 47.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Idem, ibid. 546 (1971) 106.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Idem, ibid. 547 (1972) 138.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Idem, ibid. 548 (1973) 243.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Froment,J. Phys. C 36 (1975) 371.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Barbier andG. Saindrenan, DGRST report number 78.7.2145, December 1979.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Larere, C. Roques-Carmes, P. Dumoulin andM. Guttmann, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Solid Surfaces, Cannes, September 1980, Edited by D. A. Degras and M. Costa (Le Vide, Les Couches Minces) Vol. 1, pp. 22.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    L. Beaunier, Doctorat d'Etat thesis, Paris, 1979.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. Beaunier, M. Froment andC. Vignaud,Electrochimica Acta 25 (1980) 1239.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. Beaunier andM. Froment,C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 279C (1974) 91.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. Beaunier, M. Froment andC. Vignaud,J. Micr. Spect. Electr. 3 (1978) 265.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    G. Moulin, J. Ovejero-Garcia, C. Haut, M. Aucouturier andM. Dadian, “Rev. Mét.”11 (1978) 627.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    G. Moulin, M. Aucouturier andP. Lacombe,J. Mater. Sci. 15 (1980) 3025.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. Larere, G. Moulin, J. Ovejero-Garcia, C. Haut andC. Roques-Carmes,Scripta Met. 14 (1980) 703.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    D. McLean,“Grain Boundaries in Metals”(Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1957) p. 116.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    G. Henry, G. Plateau, X. Wache, M. Gerbr, I. Behar andC. Crussard,Mém. Sci. Rev. Mét. 56 (1959) 417.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Perdereau,Surf. Science 24 (1971) 239.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. Perdereau andJ. Oudar,ibid. 20 (1970) 80.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. Huber andJ. Oudar,ibid. 47 (1975) 605.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. Guttmann,Met. Trans. 8A (1977) 1382.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    D. McLean, “Grain Boundaries in Metals”(Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1957) p. 132.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    A. B. Vladimirov, V. N. Kaigodorov, S. M. Klotzman andI. S. Trakhtenberg,Fiz. Met. 39 (1975) 319.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. J. Wang andJ. Grabke,Z. Metallkunde 61 (1970) 597.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    P. Dumoulin andM. Guttmann,Mater. Sci. Eng. 42 (1980) 249.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    N. Barbouth andJ. Oudar,Scripta Met. 6 (1972) 371.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    G. E. Moya-Gontier andF. Moya,ibid. 9 (1975) 307.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    F. Moya, G. E. Moya-Gontier, F. Cabane-Brouty andJ. Oudar,Acta Met. 19 (1971) 1189.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    J. Oudar,Mater. Sci. Eng. 42 (1980) 101.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    J. H. Westbrook andK. T. Aust,Acta Met. 11 (1963) 1152.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    K. T. Aust, R. E. Hanneman, P. Niessen andJ. H. Westbrook,ibid. 16 (1968) 291.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    R. E. Hanneman andT. R. Anthony,ibid. 17 (1969) 1133.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    T. R. Anthony,ibid. 17 (1969) 603.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    A. Larere, L. Beaunier andM. Guttmann,Mem. Sci. Rev. Met. 9 (1981) 407.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Barbier-Vitart
    • 1
  • G. Saindrenan
    • 1
  • A. Larere
    • 2
  • C. Roques-Carmes
    • 2
  1. 1.Ecole Centrale des Arts et ManufacturesChatenay-MalabryFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Métallurgie PhysiqueUniversité de Paris-SudOrsay CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations