Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 8, Issue 10, pp 1182–1185 | Cite as

Common bile duct stones after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and its treatment

The role of ultrasound and intravenous and intraoperative cholangiography
  • M. Garcia-Caballero
  • A. Martin-Palanca
  • C. Vara-Thorbeck
Original Articles


In the present work we recount our experience in handling common bile duct stones (CBDS) in our first 100 cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In the first 50 cases our diagnostic procedures involved the use of ultrasound exploration and intravenous cholangiotomography 48 h before laparoscopic surgery. We found three cases of residual CBDS. One of the cases was treated by means of ERCP. The other two cases were resolved by carrying out a transparietohepatic cholangiography after the ERCP procedure failed. After this experience, we changed our strategy, introducing the intraoperative cholangiography in the cases with an unclear diagnosis. With this new approach, no residual CBDS occurred in the following 50 cases. These findings demonstrate the following: (1) In our hands, intravenous cholangiography is not more effective than ultrasound exploration in resolving dubious cases. (2) These dubious cases are more effectively diagnosed by means of selective intraoperative cholangiography. (3) When CBDS is treated by transparietohepatic cholangiography it proves to be less uncomfortable for the patient than ERCP and, as we found, even more efficient in removing the stones, although our experience is based on only two cases.

Key words

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy Common bile duct stones Intravenous cholangiography Intraoperative cholangiography ERCP Transparietohepatic cholangiography 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Garcia-Caballero
    • 1
  • A. Martin-Palanca
    • 2
  • C. Vara-Thorbeck
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity HospitalMálagaSpain
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUniversity HospitalMálagaSpain

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